Hung Phu Residential Area, Cái Răng, Vietnam

Evictions and unfair compensations provoked a farmer to attempt to commit suicide, while his wife and daughter stripped naked to protest: the actual cost of urban modernization


Cái Răng, a peri-urban district of Can Tho City, has been well known for its floating market, which is among the biggest in the Mekong Delta. However, the district is changing rapidly due to urbanization projects, such as through the construction of the Hung Phu Residential Area, causing desperate disputes over land seizes. The Hung Phu Residential Area, supported by local government officials and approved by the Can Tho People Committee in 2002, is a 42ha urban development project, located in Can Tho province, comprised of a school, a mall, a supermarket, residential buildings, and other urban infrastructures [1].

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Basic Data
NameHung Phu Residential Area, Cái Răng, Vietnam
ProvinceCan Tho province
SiteCái Răng District, Can Tho City
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Hung Phu Residential area, located in Cái Răng – a peri-urban district of Can Tho City, covers 42ha. The project is comprised by a new urban precinct with a school, mall, supermarket, residential building, and other urban infrastructure [1].

The project was approved under Decision 526/QĐ-UBND (2002). Project holder is the No. 8 Construction and Investment JSC (CIC8). The company was established in 1989 by the Ministry of Construction, but became later on (2004) a Joint Stock Company, however, with strong ties to the state [1].

Total investment size is estimated to amount to 1,791 million VDN (approx. 90 million USD) [1]. No information on involved bankers could be found.

157 households are affected by the project [1].

Compensations were regulated and amended through three decisions. Decision 3201/QĐ-UB (October 2002) set compensation for farming land at 44,100 VNĐ /m2; Decision 2967/QĐ-UB increased it to 63,000/m2. Decision QĐ 100/QĐ-CTUB (January 2005) raised the compensation to 400,000 VND per m2 [1].
Project Area (in hectares)42
Level of Investment (in USD)90,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population157 households (approx. 700 - 800 persons)
Start Date2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesNo. 8 Construction and Investment JSC (CIC8) (CIC8) from Vietnam - construction, property development
Western Security Service Company from Vietnam - private security
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Natural Resources and Environment; Government Inspectorate (Thanh tra Chính phủ); Hung Thanh Commune People’s Committee; The People Committee of Cai Rang District
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersno information could be found if/which organizations were supporting the case
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Land occupation
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Refusal of compensation
suicide attempt by one man; his wife and daughter stripped naked to protest
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Malnutrition, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Criminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Attempt to commit suicide
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The project goes on
Sources and Materials

Vietnamese Land Law of 2003 (No. 13/2003/QH11)
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Vietnamese Land Law of 2013 (Land Law No.45/2013/QH13)
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Decree No. 22/1998/NĐ-CP (1998) on compensations for damage when the state recovers land for use in purposes of national defense, security, national interests and public interests
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Decree No. 84/2007/ND-CP additionally stipulating the grant of land use right certificates, recovery of land, exercise of land use rights, order and procedures for compensation, support and resettlement upon land recovery by the State, and settlement of land related complaints.
[click to view]


[1] Australian Aid, The Asia Foundation and T&C Consulting, 2014. Public Land Disputes in Vietnam: A Multi-Actor Analysis of Five Case Studies with an East Asian Comparative. (accessed 15/06/2015)
[click to view]


[2] CNN iREPORT posted online (27/05/2012): "Mother and Daughter Strip Themselves Naked in a Last Ditch Effort to Prevent Seizure of Their Land" (accessed 22/06/2015)
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[3] Talk Vietnam online (30/05/2012): "Cai Rang authorities explain protest by naked woman on reclaimed land" (accessed 22/06/2015)
[click to view]

[4] Talk Vietnam online (31/05/2012): "Police slap fine on nude land protestor" (accessed 22/06/2015)

Other Documents

naked protests and evictions Source:
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Project Source:
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Project plan Source:
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Naked protests Source:
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Meta Information
ContributorA. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB) / arnim "dot" scheidel "at" gmail "dot" com
Last update25/06/2015