|Project Details||The International Energy Agency claims that there are 485 trillion cubic feet of shale gas beneath the surface in South Africa. This may be a wild overestimate, but has acted as a stimulus to certain oil companies to apply for exploration rights. |
The amount of technically recoverable gas is not yet known. However, vast quantities of fresh water are needed in hydraulic fracturing operations (about 20 million litres per fracture per well), in an area that is very arid and already water constrained.
Royal Dutch Shell (allocated exploration area 90,000 square kilometres); Falcon Oil and Gas(30,000 square kilometres); Bundu Gas and Oil (3,100 square kilometres); Anglo Coal; joint application by Sasol, Statoil and Chesapeake Energy (88,000 square kilometres). (Sasol withdrew their application in Nov 2011).
|Project Area (in hectares)||29,000,000|
|Level of Investment (in USD)||200 million (Shells potential investment alone)|
|Type of Population||Semi-urban|
|Potential Affected Population||40,000,000|
|Company Names or State Enterprises||Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands|
Falcon Oil and Gas
Bundu Gas and Oil from Australia
Anglo American from United Kingdom
Statoil from Norway
Sasol from South Africa
|Relevant government actors||Department of Mineral Affairs , Department of Energy, Department of Water Affairs, Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Department of Science and Technology, Department of Health, Department of Tourism, Provincial government, District and local municipalities, PASA , Department of Mineral Affairs |
|International and Financial Institutions||The World Bank (WB) from United States of America |
|Environmental justice organisations and other supporters||Derek Light (attorney based in Graaff-Reinet, representing over 300 landowners and communities), TKAG (Treasure the Karoo Action Group; Jonathan Deal), Fractual (Ian Perrin), Earthlife Africa (Muna Lakhani), WWF (Saliem Fakir), WESSA (Wildlife and Environment Society of SA), CJN!SA network, Centre for Environmental Rights, Western Cape Wildlife and Environment Society, Southern Cape Land Committee, Agri-SA (commercial farmers lobby)|