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Hydro Power Plant Boguchanskaya, Russia

The 3000 MW hydropower plant construction began in 1980 and resumed in 2006. It is located on the river Angara near Kodinsk. It was carried out by the companies “RusHydro” and “Rusal”, for aluminium smelting


The construction of the hydro power plant Boguchanskaya began in 1980 and resumed in 2006. The plant is located on the river Angara near the town Kodinsk. It is carried out by the companies “RusHydro” and “Rusal”. In May 2006 they signed an agreement on the joint development of the Boguchanskoye Energy and Metals Complex (BEMO). The BEMO project provided: completion of the hydroelectric plant and building a nearby aluminum smelter, which would off-take considerable amount of electricity produced by the power plant. The planned design capacity is 3,000 MW. The Russian government points to the importance of completion of the hydroelectric power station for the development of the Siberian economic region according to the "Complex development of the Lower Angara Territories” strategy.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Hydro Power Plant Boguchanskaya, Russia
Country:Russian Federation
State or province:Krasnoyarsk region
Location of conflict:Kodinsk
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Boguchanskaya hydroelectric power is a hydroelectric power station on the Angara river, the city Kodinsk in Kezhemsk district, Krasnoyarsk region. It belongs to the Angara cascade of hydroelectric power stations, being its fourth, the lower stage.

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Project area:150,000
Level of Investment:82,500,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:12,200
Start of the conflict:01/11/2006
End of the conflict:03/09/2012
Company names or state enterprises:RusHydro (RusHydro) from Russian Federation
RUSAL (RUSAL) from Russian Federation
Eurosibenergo (EN+) from Russian Federation
International and Finance InstitutionsVnesheconombank from Russian Federation - financing of the project
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Protest movement "Dam" , Greenpeace Russia , World Wildlife Fund , International environmental organization "Rivers Without Borders"
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination
Other Environmental impactsAnthrax contamination as a potential impact
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Other Health impactsHealth problems caused by potential decline in the water quality
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Development of alternatives:Environmentalists and citizens just wanted that the territory is kept as before, i.e. suitable for settlements, as people didn't want to relocate.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The lawsuit and appeal rejection (03.09.2012) stopped the most protest movements. The project came successfully into force.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

General information (English)
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Overall information on the power plant
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Citizens protests against the power plant
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WWF Russia activities against the ptoject.
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Article about cooperation of RUSAL and RusHydro
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Informatin on the court decision and activities on the web-site
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Technical data
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Ecological risks due to the flooding.

The video describes possible risks for the health. Due to the flooding the water quality is fallen; people say that the taste of the water changed to swamp water. The problem of high levels of organic compounds is also described.
[click to view]

Flooding zone and related problems

The video describes the problems of the people who are forced to relocate. Often they are waiting for a long time and don’t know where they have to go. They have to leave the house even without seeing the new home.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Natalia Finogenova
Last update17/01/2020
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