Hydro power plants on the River Lim, Serbia


In 2008, the Canadian company Reservoir Capital Corp. had established a subsidiary in Serbia, Renewable Energy Ventures DOO (REV), which obtained the energy permit and started a project of two hydro power plants (HPP) on the River Lim.

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Basic Data
NameHydro power plants on the River Lim, Serbia
SiteBrodarevo (coordinates of the two plants: Brodarevo 1: 43.221846,19.750707 and Brodarevo 2: 43.306552,19.698409. )
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsHPP ‘Brodarevo 1’ (profile Junakovina) and ‘Brodarevo 2’ (profile Lučice)

The planned dam height = 22 m and 23 m

Length at the top= 70 m and 250 m

KNU maximum water level= 519 mnm and 488 mnm

Maximum reservoir volume = 7,800,000 m3 and 16,000,000 m3

QINS Maximum discharge throw of turbine= both 150 m3/s

NINS The Planned installed capacity = 26 MW and 32.4 MW

EGOD Annual electricity production = 102.33 GWh and 130.51 GWh.
Project Area (in hectares)198
Level of Investment (in USD)200,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population10,000
Start Date2008
End Date2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesRenewable Energy Ventures DOO, Serbia subsidiary of Reservoir Capital Corp., Canada - Main investor
Energoprojekt – Hidroinzenjering A.D. from Serbia - In charge of technical documentation, feasibility and EIA study
Energy Saving Group, Serbia - The sub-contracted company, in charge of preparation of pre-feasibility study and assistance in obtain the energy licence
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Mining and Energy of Republic of Serbia; Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia; Environmental Protection Agency of Montenegro; Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro.
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters“Prijatelji Brodareva”; NGO Association “Brana”; Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa: http://www.vojvodjanskazelenainicijativa.org.rs/; WWF Serbia; Alpe Adria Green; Ekoloski pokret Prijepolje; NVO Cimap; PSK Kolovrat; Raftign klub Simo; Koordinacioni odbor za ocuvanje I zastitu reke Lim
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Recreational users
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases
OtherPotential respiratory diseases, rheumatism, migraine.
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Violent targeting of activists
Development of AlternativesEnvironmental activists demanded termination of the project. REV claimed that the dams planned to be constructed were small-scale projects and as such could not impact the environment and micro-climate of town of Prijepolje.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The project was stopped by The Constitutional Court's decision to cancel the project energy permit.
Sources and Materials

Zakon o proceni uticaja na zivotnu sredinu („Sl. glasnik RS“, br. 135 /2004 i 36/2009)

Pravilnik o postupku javnog uvida, prezentaciji i javnoj raspravi o studiji o proceni uticaja na životnu sredinu ("Sl. glasnik RS", br. 69/2005)

Zakon o potvrdjivanju konvencije o proceni uticaja na zivotnu sredinu u prekogranicnom kontekstu. (Sl glasnik RS- Medjunarodni ugovori, br 102/2007)

Zakon o ratifikaciji Kjoto protokola uz okvirnu Konvenciju Ujedinjenih Nacija o promeni klime („Službeni glasnik RS“, broj 88/07)

The Aarhus Convention

The Espoo Convention

The UNECE Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context

Ustav Republike Srbije („Službeni glasnik RS“, br. 83/2006 od 1.10.2006. i 98/2006 od 10.11.2006.)

Zakon o potvrđivanju konvencije o dostupnosti informacija, učešća javnosti u donošenju odluka i pravu na pravnu


EIA study (Serbian) book1:
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EIA study (Serbian) book2:
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“HPP flooding the canyon”
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Newspaper article (Serbian):Hydro power plants on river Lim: Yes or No?
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NGO website (Serbian): Open call for protest walk BRANA NASILJU
[click to view]

Finnal solution for Brodarevo
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Newspaper article (Serbian):Protestni skup na granici
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Blog (Serbian): Obavestenje za javnost o EIA
[click to view]

NGO website: Nezakonita javna rasprava o hidrocentralama na Limu
[click to view]

Reservoir capital corp. HPP projects description
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian): Pretuceni protivnici hidrocentrala na Limu
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Newspaper article (Serbian):Kanadska kompanije u petak otvara kancelariju u Prijepolju
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Newspaper article (Serbian): REV zatvara kancelarije u Prijepolju
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Newspaper article (Serbian): Dogovor sa Energoprojektom
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Sastanak ministara
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Newspaper article (Serbian): Ekolozi I Kanadjani u sudnici
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Blog (Serbian): Open call for protest before EIA open debate

[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian): Gradnja Limskih centrala pocinje sledece godine
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Newspaper article (Serbian): Nerealne cene cemljista koce Brodarevo
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Newspaper article (Serbian): Zeleno svetlo za HE na Limu
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Prijepoljci brane Lim
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Media Links

Interview TV SUN (Serbian):
[click to view]

Media Conference “Brana”:
[click to view]

B92 Video protest ”Stop nasilju”:
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Protest na mostu kod Lucica
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Presuda upravnog suda RTS: 28.07.2013.
[click to view]

Documentary movie by Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa (Serbian):
[click to view]

Interview TV SUN (Serbian):
[click to view]

Interview TV SUN (Serbian):
[click to view]

Interview TV SUN (Serbian):
[click to view]

Documentary “Protest Stop branama na Limu” (Serbian):
[click to view]

Other Documents

“Brana nasilju-Stop the violence The protestants worn face masks identifying them with the environmental activist that were physically assaulted in the public debate on the project EIA
[click to view]

Prijepolje is against HPPs on Lim Protest in Prijepolje against HPP on the River Lim
[click to view]

Protest Joint protest of environmental activists from Serbia and Montenegro against Lim HPPs
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, [email protected]
Last update12/05/2014