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Hydro power plants on the River Lim, Serbia


In 2008, the Canadian company Reservoir Capital Corp. had established a subsidiary in Serbia, Renewable Energy Ventures DOO (REV), which obtained the energy permit and started a project of two hydro power plants (HPP) on the River Lim.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Hydro power plants on the River Lim, Serbia
Location of conflict:Brodarevo (coordinates of the two plants: Brodarevo 1: 43.221846,19.750707 and Brodarevo 2: 43.306552,19.698409. )
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

HPP ‘Brodarevo 1’ (profile Junakovina) and ‘Brodarevo 2’ (profile Lučice)

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Project area:198
Level of Investment for the conflictive project200,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10,000
Start of the conflict:2008
End of the conflict:2013
Company names or state enterprises:Renewable Energy Ventures DOO, Serbia subsidiary of Reservoir Capital Corp., Canada - Main investor
Energoprojekt – Hidroinzenjering A.D. from Serbia - In charge of technical documentation, feasibility and EIA study
Energy Saving Group, Serbia - The sub-contracted company, in charge of preparation of pre-feasibility study and assistance in obtain the energy licence
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Mining and Energy of Republic of Serbia; Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia; Environmental Protection Agency of Montenegro; Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:“Prijatelji Brodareva”; NGO Association “Brana”; Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa:; WWF Serbia; Alpe Adria Green; Ekoloski pokret Prijepolje; NVO Cimap; PSK Kolovrat; Raftign klub Simo; Koordinacioni odbor za ocuvanje I zastitu reke Lim
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Recreational users
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases
Other Health impactsPotential respiratory diseases, rheumatism, migraine.
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Violent targeting of activists
Proposal and development of alternatives:Environmental activists demanded termination of the project. REV claimed that the dams planned to be constructed were small-scale projects and as such could not impact the environment and micro-climate of town of Prijepolje.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The project was stopped by The Constitutional Court's decision to cancel the project energy permit.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

The UNECE Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context

Ustav Republike Srbije („Službeni glasnik RS“, br. 83/2006 od 1.10.2006. i 98/2006 od 10.11.2006.)

Zakon o potvrđivanju konvencije o dostupnosti informacija, učešća javnosti u donošenju odluka i pravu na pravnu

Zakon o proceni uticaja na zivotnu sredinu („Sl. glasnik RS“, br. 135 /2004 i 36/2009)

Zakon o ratifikaciji Kjoto protokola uz okvirnu Konvenciju Ujedinjenih Nacija o promeni klime („Službeni glasnik RS“, broj 88/07)

The Aarhus Convention

The Espoo Convention

Pravilnik o postupku javnog uvida, prezentaciji i javnoj raspravi o studiji o proceni uticaja na životnu sredinu ("Sl. glasnik RS", br. 69/2005)

Zakon o potvrdjivanju konvencije o proceni uticaja na zivotnu sredinu u prekogranicnom kontekstu. (Sl glasnik RS- Medjunarodni ugovori, br 102/2007)

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

EIA study (Serbian) book2:
[click to view]

EIA study (Serbian) book1:
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian):Hydro power plants on river Lim: Yes or No?
[click to view]

Finnal solution for Brodarevo
[click to view]

NGO website (Serbian): Open call for protest walk BRANA NASILJU
[click to view]

Blog (Serbian): Obavestenje za javnost o EIA
[click to view]

NGO website: Nezakonita javna rasprava o hidrocentralama na Limu
[click to view]

Reservoir capital corp. HPP projects description
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian): Pretuceni protivnici hidrocentrala na Limu
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian):Kanadska kompanije u petak otvara kancelariju u Prijepolju
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian): REV zatvara kancelarije u Prijepolju
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian): Dogovor sa Energoprojektom
[click to view]

Sastanak ministara
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian): Ekolozi I Kanadjani u sudnici
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian): Gradnja Limskih centrala pocinje sledece godine
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian): Nerealne cene cemljista koce Brodarevo
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian): Zeleno svetlo za HE na Limu
[click to view]

Prijepoljci brane Lim
[click to view]

“HPP flooding the canyon”
[click to view]

Blog (Serbian): Open call for protest before EIA open debate
[click to view]

Newspaper article (Serbian):Protestni skup na granici
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Interview TV SUN (Serbian):
[click to view]

B92 Video protest ”Stop nasilju”:
[click to view]

Presuda upravnog suda RTS: 28.07.2013.
[click to view]

Interview TV SUN (Serbian):
[click to view]

Protest na mostu kod Lucica
[click to view]

Interview TV SUN (Serbian):
[click to view]

Interview TV SUN (Serbian):
[click to view]

Documentary “Protest Stop branama na Limu” (Serbian):
[click to view]

Media Conference “Brana”:
[click to view]

Documentary movie by Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa (Serbian):
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, [email protected]
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1132
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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