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Ibi Bateke Carbon Sink Plantation, DRC


This A/R CDM project under the direction of Nova Cell (DRC), and with finance from CASCADe Africa, a multi-lateral conservation fund, seeks to sequester 2.4 million t CO2-e through fast growing plantations on savannah grasslands and to supply the capital Kinshasa with charcoal through sustainable fuel wood production (UNFCCC CDM 2011). The World Bank BioCarbon fund has agreed to purchase 500,000 tCERs (temporary certified emission reductions), supposedly derived from converting 4 200 ha of grassland to tree plantations. The BioCarbon Fund played a pivotal role in enabling NOVACEL to obtain the private sector loans to finance the project’s upfront investments and facilitated the participation of a second carbon buyer, Orbeo, a subsidiary of the French conglomerate Société Generale and Rhodia. UMICORE, SUEZ and the AFD (French Development Agency) are financing part of the investment needs for the project. UNEP’s CASCADe program is providing technical assistance. Ibi Bateke is widely promoted as a success despite not yet being registered by the CDM. However, a 2006 case study describes how the Batwa people in the DRC were exploited and excluded from consultation, according to the report entitled the Impacts of the Carbon Sinks of Ibi-Batk Project on the Indigenous Pygmies of the Democratic Republic of the Congo by Sinafasi Makelo.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Ibi Bateke Carbon Sink Plantation, DRC
Country:Congo, Dem. Rep.
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific commodities:Charcoal
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Ibi Batéké Degraded Savannah Afforestation Project is converting 4,200 hectares of natural grassy savannah into a plantation.

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Project area:4200
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2008
Company names or state enterprises:Nova Cell
Société Generale and Rhodia from France
UMICORE Group from Belgium
GDF Suez (GDF Suez) from France
International and Finance InstitutionsCASCADe Africa
World Bank BioCarbon fund
French Development Agency (AFD) from France
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:NO REDD in Africa network
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Theres no enough information to assess this, but REDD schemes are proved to not be of benefit for local people nor for CO2 emissions cut.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

IBI Bateke Carbon Sink Plantation: An African Forestry Pilot Case (Mushiete, Olivier; Merrill, Amy)
[click to view]

Journal of Peasant Studies Special Issue on Land grabbing
[click to view]

NO REDD in Africa network
[click to view]


World Bank project site
[click to view]

Carbon Finance Unit, WB
[click to view]

Forest Carbon Portal
[click to view]

BATÉKÉ PROJECT - Examining opportunities for its replication in CASCADe target countries in the Congo Basin.pdf
[click to view]

[click to view]

UNEP Congo
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Patrick Bond
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:825
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