Ibi Bateke Carbon Sink Plantation, DRC


This A/R CDM project under the direction of Nova Cell (DRC), and with finance from CASCADe Africa, a multi-lateral conservation fund, seeks to sequester 2.4 million t CO2-e through fast growing plantations on savannah grasslands and to supply the capital Kinshasa with charcoal through sustainable fuel wood production (UNFCCC CDM 2011). The World Bank BioCarbon fund has agreed to purchase 500,000 tCERs (temporary certified emission reductions), supposedly derived from converting 4 200 ha of grassland to tree plantations. The BioCarbon Fund played a pivotal role in enabling NOVACEL to obtain the private sector loans to finance the project’s upfront investments and facilitated the participation of a second carbon buyer, Orbeo, a subsidiary of the French conglomerate Société Generale and Rhodia. UMICORE, SUEZ and the AFD (French Development Agency) are financing part of the investment needs for the project. UNEP’s CASCADe program is providing technical assistance. Ibi Bateke is widely promoted as a success despite not yet being registered by the CDM. However, a 2006 case study describes how the Batwa people in the DRC were exploited and excluded from consultation, according to the report entitled the Impacts of the Carbon Sinks of Ibi-Batk Project on the Indigenous Pygmies of the Democratic Republic of the Congo by Sinafasi Makelo.

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Basic Data
NameIbi Bateke Carbon Sink Plantation, DRC
CountryCongo, Dem. Rep.
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Ibi Batéké Degraded Savannah Afforestation Project is converting 4,200 hectares of natural grassy savannah into a plantation.

hectares of acacia trees were planted the first year and an average of 900 hectares will be planted in subsequent years. The seedlings are grown in the on-site nursery which has the capacity of hosting 1 million seedlings every year. Over 35 tree species will be used with most of them being acacias, pines and eucalyptus. The land is divided into blocks of 100 hectares which are subdivided into four 23 hectare plantation fields. Each hectare hosts between 900-1111 trees depending on the species used. To prevent bushfires from destroying the plantation a 25 m wide fire break surrounds the block (UNEP Congo)
Project Area (in hectares)4200
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesNova Cell
Société Generale and Rhodia from France
UMICORE Group from Belgium
GDF Suez (GDF Suez) from France
International and Financial InstitutionsCASCADe Africa
World Bank BioCarbon fund
French Development Agency (AFD) from France
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNO REDD in Africa network
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Theres no enough information to assess this, but REDD schemes are proved to not be of benefit for local people nor for CO2 emissions cut.
Sources and Materials

Journal of Peasant Studies Special Issue on Land grabbing
[click to view]

IBI Bateke Carbon Sink Plantation: An African Forestry Pilot Case (Mushiete, Olivier; Merrill, Amy)
[click to view]


BATÉKÉ PROJECT - Examining opportunities for its replication in CASCADe target countries in the Congo Basin.pdf
[click to view]

[click to view]

NO REDD in Africa network
[click to view]

World Bank project site
[click to view]

Carbon Finance Unit, WB
[click to view]

Forest Carbon Portal
[click to view]

UNEP Congo
[click to view]


Meta Information
ContributorPatrick Bond
Last update11/05/2014