Ida Mountain (Kazdagi) Prospecting for Gold, Turkey


In this area which is partially declared a national park in 1993, many companies, even some international ones with licences, conduct prospecting for gold and other mines. Actually, prospecting activities have been under way in the Biga peninsula and especially in the northern side of Ida Mountain since the beginning of 1990s. Lately, there has been a perceptible increase in these activities; explicitly two gold mines (Kirazli and Agi Mountain) made progress. The Canadian company in charge of these projects is targeting to start production in Kirazli in 2013 and in 2014 in Agi Mountain.

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Basic Data
NameIda Mountain (Kazdagi) Prospecting for Gold, Turkey
SiteBayramic, Kucukkuyu, Can
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Mineral processing
Specific CommoditiesSilver
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe prospecting operations have not started yet, but Alamos Gold Company is aiming to produce approximately 61 tons of gold and 479 tons of silver in 10 years from Agi Mountain and Kirazli mines. (Data based on September 2011)
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date01/10/2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesAlamos Gold from Canada - Company in charge of Agi Mountain ve Kirazli mining projects
Relevant government actorsGovernorship of Canakkale, Mineral Research and Exploration Institute, Provincial Forestry and Water Affairs Directorate, Provincial Environmental Directorate
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCanakkale Environmental Platform
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession
OtherAdverse impact on agricultural production and tourism , Difficulties in access to water
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The situation is unclear. Since the legal procedures are just starting, the projects can be stopped through court decisions. The awareness and resistance of the public at an early stage can be seen as an accomplishment. On the other hand, the publics lack of unity and the weakness of cooperation between the locals and the NGOs can prevent environmental justice to be achieved.
Sources and Materials

Turkish Mining Law numbered 5177

Constitutional Provision numbered 56 (The right of living in a healthy and balanced environment)

Law for olive cultivation and breeding (especially for the southern side of the mountains)


IS THE SURFACE OF IDA MOUNTAIN MORE PRECIOUS THAN GOLD MINE? - Yrd. Do. Dr. Rt ILGAR, anakkale Onsekiz Mart niversitesi (in Turkish)
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Avci, D., Adaman, F., B. Ozkaynak. (2010). Valuation Languages in Environmental Conflicts: How Stakeholders Oppose or Support Gold Mining at Mount Ida, Turkey, 70, Ecological Economics, 228-238.


Petition of three MPs to the Parliament, 2012 (in Turkish)
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Other Documents

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Other CommentsThere have been not only a low level of conflict, but also medium to big size protests against the environmental effects of the projects.
Meta Information
ContributorDuygu Avci, Alper Akyuz and Begum Ozkaynak on behalf of BOG
Last update03/05/2014