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Idku local residents against BP project, Egypt

Graffiti, chants and social network; local protests and international environmental awareness have forced BP to to re-route its proposed pipeline and processing plant.


After discovering more than 141 billion cubic meters of natural gas at its North Alexandria offshore concession in 2011, British Petroleum (BP) was planning to start producing an equivalent of up to 20 percent of Egypt's gas demand per day by the end of 2014. For this purpose, the company was looking to bring the gas produced offshore via pipeline to an onshore facility to then deliver the natural gas supplies. BP also wanted to build another new gas plant on Idku’s beach. This is part of a larger $11 billion project (62% owned by BP and 38% by German RWE), including sub-sea pipelines, oil platforms and the gas terminal itself.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Idku local residents against BP project, Egypt
State or province:El Beheira Governorate
Location of conflict:Idku
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific commodities:Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details

In the two offshore deep-water regions there are around 5 trillion cubic meters of gas and the fields were meant to start producing 900 million cubic meters of gas per day in 2014. The gas terminal project was part of a 11 billion USD project.

Project area:N/A
Level of Investment:11,000,000,000 USD
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population: < 250,000
Start of the conflict:01/01/2011
End of the conflict:01/07/2013
Company names or state enterprises:BP from United Kingdom
Relevant government actors:Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:• The Mosireen Collective:
• Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights:
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Boycotts of companies-products
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Relocation of the project area
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:BP finally acknowledged the local protest and gave in after 18 months of delay caused to the construction. They finally decided to relocate the project area.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

BP project in Idku raises environmental concerns, Egypt Independent, by Nadine Marroushi, 20 September 2011,
[click to view]

BP's controversial gas project delayed by local distrust, Egypt Independent, by Nadine Marroushi, 13 December 2011,
[click to view]

Idku – a neglected town stands up against environmental degradation, Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), Blog, 25 June 2013,
[click to view]

Egyptian community resists BP fossil fuel project,, 18 July 2013,
[click to view]

[1] Winning against the odds- How an Egyptian community stopped BP in its tracks, Platform London, by mika, 25 June 2013,
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Idku: an Egyptian town beat the odds & stopped BP, Produced by The Mosireen Collective, supported by Platform London and EIPR, Online Video, 16 February 2014,
[click to view]

Other documents

No to BP sign Source:
[click to view]

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Last update07/01/2016
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