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Illegal Bunkering causes first Spill on Agip pipeline in Oruma Community, Nigeria


Oruma [now called Yeba Ama] is an Ijaw community in Ogbia Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. It is one of the communities upstream of the Kolo Creek. This community has facilities installed by Nigeria Agip Oil Company [Eni] and the Shell Petroleum Development Company [SPDC]. The pipelines of both companies run parallel to each other under the soil of this community, and at very close proximity, less than ten meters apart. However, while Shell has operated in the environment for a longer period and the community has also experienced some oil spills from Shell's pipelines, the Ogboinbiri/Ogoda Agip pipeline was laid sometime in 2007. Early May 2010 the first oil spill occurred on this pipeline run by Agip.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Illegal Bunkering causes first Spill on Agip pipeline in Oruma Community, Nigeria
State or province:Bayelsa State
Location of conflict:Ogbia Local Governmenment Area
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas refining
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details


Project area:Unknown
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:Unknown
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigerian Department of Petroleum Resources,
Federal Ministry of Environment
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:ERA/FOEN
Conflict & Mobilization
Reaction stageUnknown
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Groundwater pollution or depletion
Other Health impactsPoisoning related to pollution of soil and waters
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:The oil spill occurred and Agip did not clean up the area.
Development of alternatives: That Agip should respect the Joint Inspection Visit report and mobilize to carry out proper cleanup of the impacted site.
The issue of illegal bunkering in the environment should be investigated
Agip should not only engage surveillance contractors from the immediate community, but ensure visibility along its pipeline in the environment. It is the responsibility of Agip to clear the grasses along its pipeline.
The innocent cannot continue to suffer in the name of a weak oil industry sabotage law. Agip should therefore initiate steps to compensate the victims, after proper assessment of the environmental impact/ damage.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Field Report #229: Illegal Bunkering Causes first spill on Agip pipeline in Oruma
[click to view]

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Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri
Last update15/01/2015
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