Illegal dumping of organic waste Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina

In 2013, a meat-processing industry Bajra illegally disposed a large amount of untreated organic waste near the village Goleš, Travnik.


‘Bajra’ is a Bosnian meat-processing industry located in the City of Travnik. At beginning of 2013, the company started to dispose of its production waste in the area of the nearby villages Goleš and Turbe. The dumping site is located on company owned land which is planned to be cultivated in the future. The citizens of village Goleš claim that the company disposes of waste without any pre-treatment and are protesting against the dumping site as it is located near the village elementary school and represents a risk to the drinking water springs.

Basic Data
Name Illegal dumping of organic waste Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
ProvinceThe Middle Bosnia Canton
SiteTravnik (villages Goleš and Turbe)
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific CommoditiesIndustrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIt is assumed that more than 300 tonnes of waste have been disposed in the dump site.

The company saves 850 USD for safe transport and disposal per truck.
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population7,000
Start Date01/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesMesna industrija Bajra d.o.o. from Bosnia and Herzegovina - Resonsible of production and disposal of waste
Relevant government actorsCity of Travnik; The Middle Bosnian Canton
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCitizens of Goleš; President of local community Goleš
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Soil contamination
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Displacement, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseApplication of existing regulations
While the inspectors have ordered sanitation of the site it has not yet been done.
Development of AlternativesThe citizens and president of village Goleš demand destruction or disposal of the meat factory waste in accordance with the legal regulations.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The president of the local community of Goleš made several complaints to the local environmental inspection department and other relevant local authority actors. The local authority claimed that the Middle Bosnia Canton authority is responsible for the issue, while the canton authority claims exactly the opposite. However, the canton’s inspectors had visited the city and ordered sanitation of the dumping site. According to locals, the sanitation has not been performed yet.
Sources and Materials

Problem sa klaoničkim otpadom se nastavlja- Kompanija Bajra nelegalno odlaže opasni opad
[click to view]

Odložili 300 tona klaoničkog otpada
[click to view]

Upozorenje građanima! Na tržištu BiH meso od uginulih životinja?!
[click to view]

Mještani MZ Goleš: Naše zdravlje nema cijenu
[click to view]

U Travniku sastanak o zbrinjavanju animalnog otpada
[click to view]

Ko mesnoj industriji Bajra dopušta ilegalno odlaganje otpada?
[click to view]

Media Links

Short TV coverage about the dumping site 1
[click to view]

Short TV coverage about the dumping site 2
[click to view]

Other Documents

Illegal dumping site Travnik Hill of animal bones at illegal dump site near Travnik
[click to view]

Illegal dumping site Travnik 2 Detail on organic waste from meat factory Bajra
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update25/05/2016