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Illegal landfill in Martinaj village-Plav Gucinje, Montenegro


With decision no. 0301­28/4, the municipal assembly of Plav on 23 November 2012 began determining the location to dump waste in the municipality of Plav. According to the official sheet that defines the spatial surfaces, cadastral parcels was No. 80, KO DOSUGJE II, no. 1/1/1, with 213,000 m2 of space. In fact, the actual location of the open landfill belongs to the village Martinaj space, parcel no. 900, Martinais 1, with a surface of 479,011 (twice as big). This proves misuse of the official cadastral Office and deception of the citizens for the construction of an illegitimate landfill with invalid documentation.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Illegal landfill in Martinaj village-Plav Gucinje, Montenegro
State or province:Plav-Gucinje in Montenegro
Location of conflict:Martinaj-Plav Gucinje municipality
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to activists, the garbage dump includes all types of waste such as: strong base material substances originating from industry, organic waste, the materials of iron plasma bags, sanitary, metal, wood, organic bones, feces, containers of herbicides, etc. risking serious environmental pollution.

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Project area:Surface 479,011 m2, Kodra Jerina-Martinaj, Zone 1
Level of Investment for the conflictive projectNo data available
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:Up to 10,000
Start of the conflict:11/2012
Company names or state enterprises: Ndermarrja Komunale Publike dhe per Ceshtje Banesore from Montenegro
Ndermarrja per Perpunimin e Drurit DOO Alpet from Montenegro
Relevant government actors:Municipality of Plav; Montenegro Police; Ministry of Health of Republic of Montenegro; Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Republic of Montenegro; Ministry for Spatial Planning and Environment of Republic of Montenegro; Environmental Protection Agency of Republic of Montenegro; Committee on Tourism, Agriculture and Environment of Republic of Montenegro.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmentally responsible Action Group, community and the engaged media.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Albanian ethnic miniority, Albanians in the diaspora
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires
Health ImpactsVisible: Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Other Health impactsPsychological violence and heavy stress for the activists cause health impacts like heart arrhythmia and anxiety.
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts, Militarization and increased police presence
Other socio-economic impactsDesecration of cultural heritage
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Proposal and development of alternatives:The Committee against the landfill has appealed to all relevant institutions to prevent any further waste landfilling on the Kodra Jerina and to find another location where a modern sanitary landfill with an appropriate center for the treatment and recycling of waste can be built.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:We consider as a success only the fact that we have succeeded to inform public opinion about the current situation in Martinaj. But, we du not consider it as a success for the fact that in a country where the law is not respected, where the primary interest is the individual and not the State and citizen, where the will of the comunity is and violated his rights are breached by clans, groups an individuals, any citizen initiative can not be successfully in the case that this iniciative conflicts with their interests. We do not consider our steps as successful about the fact that these clans are related in to government corruption, and with falsified documents and mounted processes are violating the will of its citizens and are using the power of the majority over the minority, trampling fundamental human rights, for clean air, water and environment. And the future will show if this will be an environmental justice success for our community.
Sources & Materials

Në Martinaj, arrestohet Naim Prelvukaj
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Pas intervenimit te policisë,Malesoret kerkojnë ndihmë nga Tirana dhe Prishtina(video)
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Martinaj: Mbeturinat nga Berani okupojnë Kodrën e Jerinës
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Banorët e Martinajve të Plavës kundërshtojnë deponinë mbi fshat (video)
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Other comments:In one form or the other over 10 thousand inhabitants are affected by the waste landfill pollution, and the villages mostly affected are: Martinaj, Dosudje, Zagraje, Hakaj, Kukaj, Cherry, Krusevo choline, Gusija, turned, Grncar, Vojno Selo and the Plav municipality itself.
Meta information
Contributor:Council for the Prevention of Construction of the Lanfill in Martinaj Naim Ujkan Prelvukaj-Martini, Coordinator. Email: [email protected]:00382/69-744-964 & 00386/49-723-888. Martinaj, Plave Gucinje, Montenegro
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1506
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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