Last update:
2015-02-24

Illegal logging and ‘timber laundering’ in Lumphat Wildlife Sanctuary, Cambodia

Corruption and illegal practises under the Economic Land Concessions scheme of the Cambodian government


Description:

The Lumphat Wildlife Sanctuary, located in Ratankiri province, Cambodia, covers 250,000ha (1) of originally old-growth forests, home to rich biodiversity, providing crucial livelihood resources to surrounding villages, inhabited by Lao ethnic minorities, among others.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Illegal logging and ‘timber laundering’ in Lumphat Wildlife Sanctuary, Cambodia
Country:Cambodia
State or province:Ratanakiri province
Location of conflict:Lumphat district
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Deforestation
Logging and non timber extraction
Specific commodities:Land
Timber
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Lumphat Wildlife Sanctuary is protected under the 1993 Royal Decree on Protected Areas, and covers 250,000ha (1).

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Type of populationRural
Affected Population:600 directly affected through loss of forest livelihood resources
Start of the conflict:14/03/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Hoang Anh Gia Lai (HAGL) (HAGL) from Vietnam - rubber, forestry, agro-industry, property development
Hoang Anh Andong Meas Co. from Cambodia - rubber, forestry, logging
Hoang Anh Lumphat Co. from Cambodia - rubber, forestry, logging
Daunh Penh Agrico Co. from Cambodia - forestry, logging, agro-business
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:ADHOC Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association
Birdlife International Cambodia
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Development of alternatives:Villagers and local NGOs request an investigation of illegal logging.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Illegal logging goes on.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

(2) 2005 Cambodian Subdecree on Economic Land Concessions (ELC)
[click to view]

Law on protected areas in Cambodia
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

(4) Global Witness 2013: Rubber Barons - how Vietnamese Companies and International Financiers are driving a land grabbing Crisis in Cambodia and Laos.
[click to view]

(7) Global Witness 2015. The Cost of Luxury: Cambodia's illegal trade in precious wood with China.
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

(1) Open Development Cambodia: Protected Areas (accessed 19/02/2015)
[click to view]

(3) LICADHO: The Great Cambodian Giveaway - interactive ELC Map (accessed 19/02/2015)
[click to view]

(5) Phnom Penh Post article (17.11.2013): "Wildlife Sanctuary Illegally logged" (accessed 19/02/2015)
[click to view]

(6) Phnom Penh Post article (25.04.2013) "Forest razed to tune $100 million" (accessed 19/02/2015)
[click to view]

(8) Phnom Penh Post article (11.04.13) "Sanctuary ravaged for timber: rights groups" (accessed 19/02/2015)
[click to view]

(9) Phnom Penh Post article (02.02.2015) "Timber found in sanctuary" (accessed 19/02/2015)
[click to view]

(10) Phnom Penh Post article (26.04.2015) "Sanctuary 'protected'"(accessed 19/02/2015)
[click to view]

(11) Phnom Penh Post article (31.01.2014) "Sanctuary bridge 'torched'" (accessed 19/02/2015)
[click to view]

Other documents

Illegaly logged luxury timber Source: http://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/wildlife-sanctuary-%E2%80%98illegally-logged%E2%80%99
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:A. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB) / arnim.scheidel "at"gmail.com
Last update24/02/2015
Comments
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