Since August 2015, Lebanon has been facing a continuous waste management crisis. In a bid to solve this problem, the Municipality of Beirut has put forward a plan to construct a waste incinerator (waste-to-energy plant). On October 10, 2016 a conference was held along with the head of the municipality of Copenhagen in a bid to share experience in the waste management sector, and in which the Municipality’s plan to launch a tender to convert waste into energy was presented. 
On April 6, 2017, the Beirut Municipality launched a tender for waste collection and the establishment of the necessary infrastructure for waste separation while firms interested in investing in the incinerator were expected to apply by the 2nd of May. 
This raised the fears of the residents of Karantina, and industrial neighborhood of the capital, where an incinerator was first proposed and protested in 1997. They held a protest along with political representatives on August 30, 2017 to affirm their opposition to a waste-to-energy project promoted by the municipality, which they say is no different from an incinerator and therefore poses a health hazard. Residents of Karantina – an area where the air is already polluted by the two open-air dumps nearby – oppose the proposal in fear the incineration of waste will result in even greater damage to the environment. 
Among the concerns raised by the project’s opponents are the environmental risks implicated by ash byproducts from the combustion, which require appropriate treatment, as well as the goal of the project. They argue that plants like these produce heat and, to a lesser extent, energy, which is of no use in Lebanon since the country doesn’t have a cold climate. 
A group of academics at the American University of Beirut, united in the Collaborative for the Study of Inhaled and Atmospheric Aerosols, held a conference in presenting scientific evidence against the adoption of incinerators. 
The president of the Municipal Council dismissed the resident’s concerns, claiming that “the location will be risk-free to the people in the area and all measures will be taken to ensure that it will not bother residents but instead enhance the economy of the area.” Local activists in the area voiced suspicions of a possible connection between the choice of Karantina and the presence of Jihad al-Arab’s company – Al-Jihad for Commerce and Contracting – among the four joint ventures pre-selected as bidders. JCC has been awarded several public construction projects in the past – some of which have been in or adjacent to Karantina – including the former Normandy dumpsite, the Karantina and Amrousieh waste sorting plants, as well as a storage facility and the Coral composting facility in Burj Hammoud. All of these projects have been subject to public criticism over alleged mismanagement, sparking debate as to whether JCC should be empowered to operate yet another facility. Alongside JCC, the other local pre-qualified contractors include Wassim Ammache’s Ramco, Antoine Azour’s Batco and Michel Abi Nader’s Man. They have each partnered up with international companies – respectively Doosan (Korean), Hitachi (Japanese), and Vinci (French). JCC has partnered with Suez (French) and another international company. 
More recently, and after the release of a Human Rights Watch report on burning of wastes in Lebanon, the Waste Management Coalition was created in Lebanon which aims to pressure the government to find sustainable solutions for the still unsolved trash problem. The coalition's main objective is to pressure the authorities responsible for solid waste management in Lebanon to produce and apply a sustainable strategy that relies on integrated solid waste management. The group is demanding that the government implement the reduction of waste generation at the source, the reuse and recycling of waste and finally disposal using the appropriate techniques that comply with national and international environmental regulations. The coalition recently launched a petition to try and pressure the government to properly manage the country’s waste and to stay away from incinerators claiming that they do not constitute a reasonable and sustainable solution to manage the country’s waste. 
In early 2018, a documentary called “An Incinerator For Beirut? A Documentary” was released, in a bid to make the population well informed about this technology and to be able to form their own opinion about its feasibility in Beirut and its impact on their immediate living environment and health.