Incinerator in Beirut, Lebanon

Since the Waste Crisis of July 2015, the Lebanese government has been unable to find a sustainable solution to treat the country's waste. The latest solution being incinerators, a decisions environmental activists oppose.


Since August 2015, Lebanon has been facing a continuous waste management crisis. In a bid to solve this problem, the Municipality of Beirut has put forward a plan to construct a waste incinerator (waste-to-energy plant). On October 10, 2016 a conference was held along with the head of the municipality of Copenhagen in a bid to share experience in the waste management sector, and in which the Municipality’s plan to launch a tender to convert waste into energy was presented. [1][2][3]

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Basic Data
NameIncinerator in Beirut, Lebanon
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Waste privatisation conflicts / waste-picker access to waste
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe specific plans of the incinerator were not released. But the plant is expected to be able to treat the 600 tones of waste produced in Beirut per day.
Level of Investment (in USD)100,000,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population500,000
Start Date12/04/2017
Company Names or State EnterprisesRamboll from Denmark - Drafting of tender documents
Al-Jihad for Commerce and Contracting from Lebanon
Ramco from Lebanon
Batco from Lebanon
MAN Entreprise from Lebanon
Doosan Group (Doosan) from Republic of Korea
Vinci Group (Vinci) from France
Suez Environnement from France
Relevant government actorsMunicipality of Beirut

Ministry of Interior

Ministry of the Environment

City of Copenhagen
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGreenArea:

Waste Management Coalition:

Recycle Lebanon:

Badna Nhaseb:

Beirut Madinati:

T.E.R.R.E Liban:


AUB Nature Conservation Center:

Cedar Environmental:

You Stink:

Muntada Insan:

Our Children's Health is a Red Line:
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of AlternativesOpponents of this projects are proposing an integrated solution to the waste management crisis that has plagued the country since 2015, rather than focusing on this specific project.

Their demands were put froward in a petition, asking the government to:

- Stop the extension of coastal dumps and the pollution of the sea;

- Stop the open burning of waste in Lebanon;

- Refrain from adopting incinerators to dispose of Lebanon's municipal solid waste;

- Adopt an integrated solid waste management strategy taking the different types of waste into consideration and based on the following principles:

Upholding the right of every citizen to a clean and healthy environment.

Protection of the common (public) goods for current and future generations.

The importance of addressing economic and social value in addition to waste management in terms of job creation & income generation.

All citizens contributing to the growing problem and the potential to be a part of the solution.

Primary focus on the promotion and implementation of the 3R principles. (Reduction, Reuse, Recycle)

Awareness and education with a focus on resource reduction & waste-to-resource conversion.

Building upon existing local capacities and experiences.

Strengthening public-private partnership including community-based waste management process.

Putting the necessary policy and institutional framework in place.

Developing a built-in adaptive mechanism for the continuous monitoring and improvement of the system.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials

[11] - An Incinerator For Beirut? A Documentary
[click to view]

[6] - Does it matter where in Beirut we put the incinerators?
[click to view]

[8] - "As If You're Inhaling Your Death"

The Health Risks of Burning Waste in Lebanon
[click to view]


[1] - Beirut Mayor Touts Waste-to-Energy Plan
[click to view]

[2] - Waste incineration: Copenhagen vs Beirut
[click to view]

[7] - Itani denies intent to build incinerator in Karantina
[click to view]

[3] - Dear Beirut… How will you fight newly expected Incinerators?
[click to view]

[4] - Greenpeace demonstration at Karantina incinerator. Lebanon.
[click to view]

[5] - Karantina residents protest incinerator project
[click to view]

[9] - In Lebanon, Civil Society Groups Are Launching a New Waste Management Coalition
[click to view]

Media Links

[10] - #StopThem - End Waste Mismanagement in Lebanon
[click to view]

Other Documents

Greenpeace demonstration at Karantina incinerator. Lebanon.
[click to view]

Meta Information
Last update05/02/2018