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Solar power plant in Mikir Bamuni Grant, Assam, India

1500 families affected by the construction of a solar power plant. Protest repressed by violent means. No consent was given by the tribal community owning the agricultural land. Land Acquisition suspended by the court on March 1st.


On the 29th of December 2020, the police entered Amdanga village, part of the Mikir Bamuni Grant cluster of villages in the Nagaon district of Assam. With face covered, the police broke out into the houses of the local people and picked up three locals, Lakhiram Mardi, Sikari Rongpi and Bhaity Timung, threatening others if they would not give up their fight [1]. The three local activists have been protesting against the acquisition of their land for the construction of a solar power plant. The Company involved in this land dispute is Azure power Forty Pvt Ltd., a subsidiary of Azure Power global, a leading player in solar power in India.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Solar power plant in Mikir Bamuni Grant, Assam, India
State or province:Assam
Location of conflict: Mikir Bamuni Grant, Nagaon
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Large-scale solar plants
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The 15MV solar power plant set up by the Azure Power Forty PvT Ltd,

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Project area:70
Affected Population:1500 families
Start of the conflict:12/03/2020
Company names or state enterprises:Azure Power Forty Pvt Ltd from India
Relevant government actors:Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
State of Assam
Nagaon District Administration
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Assam State Krishak Sabha,
All India Krishak Sabha,
Manab Adhikar Sangram Samiti (MASS)
Asom Mahila Sangha
The All India Tribal Students Association Assam (AITSAA)
Delhi solidarity Group
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Trade unions
Karbi, Adivasi
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage)
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:On March 1st, 2021 the project was put on hold. However, on the 10th of May, 2021, the Central Reserve Police Force entered again the land with violence and coercion to re-acquire the land.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

[click to view]

Assam Temporarily Settled Areas Tenancy Act, 1971
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

The anatomy of a Solar Power Plant.

Report of a Fact-Finding Committee relating to

Human Rights Violations, and Environmental & Social Impacts of

15 MW Solar Power Plant being established by Azure Power

at Mikir Bamuni Grant Village, Nagaon, Assam
[click to view]

[1] EastMojo "Darkness under the sun: The struggle of an Assam village against green energy". Anupam Chakravartty, Dec. 31, 2020
[click to view]

[2] The Wire. "In Assam, a 'Green' Energy Plant Is Bulldozing Claims of Small and Marginal Farmers". Author: Vasundhara Jairath. January 3, 2021.
[click to view]

[3] The Hindu. "Solar project | BJP accused of taking Assam tribes’ lands". January 5, 2021.
[click to view]

[4] EastMojo. "Mikir Bamuni: Land grab in the name of 'green' projects, says fact-finding team". Author: Mosumi Devi. January 31, 2021.
[click to view]

[5] Counter Current "Condemn Land Grab & State Excesses for ‘Green Energy’ Project in Assam: Release All Arrested Farmers of ‘Mikir Bamuni'". January 19, 2021.
[click to view]

[6] Newsclick. Assam: Tribal Farmers from Mikiri Bamuni village allegedly face state violence for demanding their land rights. Author: Sumedha Pal. January 4, 2021.
[click to view]

[7] AssamTimes. "Eviction: Mikir Bamuni people likely to become landless". Author: Raktim Baruah. January 5, 2021
[click to view]

[8] AssamTribune. "Concern over consequences of Agri land ‘capture’ for power plant construction". February 2, 2021
[click to view]

[9] TheHillsTimes. "Cong condemns police action against Mikir Bamuni Grant farmer". December 31, 2020.
[click to view]

[10] Clean Future. Azure Power Is Painting Green Energy With Red In Assam. January 4, 2021.
[click to view]

[11] East mojo "Mikir Bamuni: Gauhati High Court stays solar plant land acquisition". Anupam Chakravartty, march 1, 2021.
[click to view]

[12] East Mojo "Assam: CRPF reaches disputed solar plant site in Nagaon despite protests". Author: Anupam Chakravarty. May 11, 2021.
[click to view]

Azure Power Website
[click to view]

In The Name Of “Green” Solar Power Project, Azure Power And APDCL Snatching Lands Of Ryots In Mikir Bamuni Grant. January 29. 2021
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Anatomy of a Solar Land Grab - Azure Power at Mikir Bamuni Grant Village, Nagaon, Assam
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Eleonora Fanari, [email protected]
Last update29/01/2021
Conflict ID:5397
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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