Last update:
2020-07-31

Industrial wind energy project by Valeco in Péret-Bel-Air and Davignac, France

Between Péret-Bel-Air and Davignac (Corrèze, France), the multinational group Valeco promotes one more industrial wind turbine project which triggers a new wave of local and regional protests.


Description:

Corrèze is a French rural department counting many forests and other preserved ecosystems. Industrial wind turbine projects have been flourishing in this county since 2000, with about 190 wind turbines (about 200m high in average) in at least 31 distinct projects in March 2020 [1]. While the first projects were often cancelled due to a strong opposition from the locals (12 projects cancelled so far), the promoters changed their approach since 2010. They took advantage of the new law on the “national commitment for environment” and particularly of the new status of Installation Classified for Environmental Protection (ICPE - Installations classées pour la protection de l'environnement) regarding wind turbines [2]. Most of these new projects are still in development, and opposition has risen across the whole county through networks of local resistance.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Industrial wind energy project by Valeco in Péret-Bel-Air and Davignac, France
Country:France
State or province:Corrèze
Location of conflict:Puy Péret
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Windmills
Other industries
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Péret-Bel-Air and Davignac (Puy Péret) wind power project has been supported since 2009 the SARL Parc éolien du Puy Péret, a subsidiary company of the multinational group Valeco. This involves the construction of 4 wind turbines of 2.4 MW each (9.6 MW in total) and 178 m high, requiring the clearing of an area of 3 ha of woodlands.

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Project area:3
Level of Investment:13,920,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:Local communities and communalities
Start of the conflict:01/11/2009
Company names or state enterprises:Valeco from France - Parent company of "SARL Parc éolien du Puy Péret", which is the promoter of this project
SARL Parc éolien du Puy Péret
Relevant government actors:Local municipalities and their elected board
Prefecture of Corrèze
Tribunal Administratif of Limoge
Commission départementale de la nature, des paysages et des sites (CDNPS)
International and Finance InstitutionsCrédit Agricole from France
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Agir pour le Plateau des Etangs ( https://www.eolien-en-correze.fr/ )
Agir Autrement Pour La Xaintrie ( http://agirautrementpourlaxaintrie.fr/ )
Vent de Corrèze (no available website)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (undecided)
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:Hydropower already generates more renewable electric energy (1,8 TWh in 2018) than the total consumption in Corrèze (1.6TWh in 2018) [15]. According to the associations opposed to wind power in Correze, the department "is already perfectly in line with its obligations regarding the Law on the Energy Transition, and nothing justifies the installation of unproductive wind turbine sites" [15] (the wind conditions being described by the European Wind Energy Atlas as unfavorable [9]). For them, hydropower is already an alternative, and nothing justifies that the region would be sacrificed for private companies' interests.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Important objections to the project have not been taken into account even in the public inquiry. The project is maintained. The appeal against it is still on hold at the Tribunal Administratif of Limoges.
Previous project (Puy de la Blanche) which was canceled allowed for important improvement of the environmental impact studies realized for this project.
Many project are still being developed in the region, even though some of them were canceled. Only one is in operation now, in Peyrelevade.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

[13] Préfet de la Corrèze, Arrêté préfectoral autorisant la SARL Parc éolien Puy Péret à exploiter 4 éoliennes sur les communs de Péret-Bel-Air et Davignac, 4 janvier 2018.
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[9] Troen, lb ; Lundtang Petersen, Erik, Atlas Eolien Européen, DTU Library, 1991.
[click to view]

[7] Tran-ba-huy, Patrice, Nuisances sanitaires des éoliennes terrestres, Académie Nationale de Médecine, mai 2017.
[click to view]

[8] IRSN, p.134,137,139, Inventaire national des sites miniers d’uranium - Zones minières de la Corrèze, Programme Mimausa, septembre 2007.
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[10] Association Agir Autrement Pour La Xaintrie, « Les pieds dans les déchets d’uranium, la tête dans les pâles », AAPLX 2017.
[click to view]

[1] Association L’éolien en Corrèze – Agir pour le Plateau des Etangs, Carte des projets éoliens industriels en Corrèze.
[click to view]

[4] Association L’éolien en Corrèze – Agir pour le Plateau des Etangs, Projet de Péret-Bel-Air, Davignac, Ambrugeat (Puy de La Blanche).
[click to view]

[5] Association L’éolien en Corrèze – Agir pour le Plateau des Etangs, Projet de Péret-Bel-Air et Davignac (Puy Péret).
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[15] Collectif des associations opposées à l'éolien industriel en Corrèze, Lettre ouverte « Spécial Élections Municipales – L’éolien dans nos communes », février 2020.
[click to view]

Other comments:- [2] Groupe Valeco, Demande administrative – Projet éolien du Puy Péret, Mars 2015. http://www.correze.gouv.fr/content/download/14982/106960/file/2-Demande_administrative_Puy_P%C3%A9ret.pdf
- [3] Esquieu, Brochu, Brousse, Rapport enquêtes publiques – Autorisation de défrichement et d’exploiter un parc éolien, Davignac et Péret-Bel-Air, 9 février 2017. http://www.correze.gouv.fr/content/download/15387/109269/file/rapp%20commission%20ep.pdf
- [6] Groupe Valeco, Projet éolien du Puy Péret – Résumé non technique, mars 2015. https://cd6f61e8-9b35-43b8-8c50-4a75dcf1e3ba.filesusr.com/ugd/8b0436_d31563decea3484dba90da3aaa9d4a59.pdf
- [11] Groupe départemental de travail et de réflexion, L’éolien en Corrèze – Document d’information, 22 mai 2018 (https://cd6f61e8-9b35-43b8-8c50-4a75dcf1e3ba.filesusr.com/ugd/8b0436_5dcc461279b34bd39f3a0e2d132c9953.pdf
- [12] Groupe Valeco, Mémoire en réponse à l’issue de l’enquête publique – projet éolien du Puy Péret, 2017. https://cd6f61e8-9b35-43b8-8c50-4a75dcf1e3ba.filesusr.com/ugd/8b0436_a64d6f2117e946d5b33d6e185282d7a8.pdf
- [14] Commission départementale de la nature, des paysages et des sites, formation spécialisée des sites et des paysages, Compte-rendu projet parc éolien des communes de Péret-Bel-Air et Davignac. https://cd6f61e8-9b35-43b8-8c50-4a75dcf1e3ba.filesusr.com/ugd/8b0436_8363e2141656473eb670b58828e3a9fd.pdf
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Contributor:Noam Marseille, [email protected]
Last update31/07/2020
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