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Inn Din (Andin) Coal power plant cancelled following protests, Mon State, Myanmar

A strong grassroots coalition against the 1,280 MW coal power plant achieved to halt the “silent killer”


Myanmar’s plans to increase electricity production through coal-fired power plants face strong public opposition. The case of the proposed 1,280 MW Inn Din (Andin) coal-power plant shows how a strong coalition of residents, monks, grassroots groups and civil society organizations succeeded to halt the expansion of dirty electricity .

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Inn Din (Andin) Coal power plant cancelled following protests, Mon State, Myanmar
State or province:Mon State
Location of conflict:Inn Din village (also spelled Andin), Ye Township
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The power plant, developed by the Toyo-Thai Public Co. Ltd, was initially planned to be located next to the Thilawa Special Economic Zone. The company failed, however, to secure the project site from the Yangon government [2]. Subsequently, the site in Inn Din village was chosen [7].

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Project area:202.3
Level of Investment:2,800,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:several thousands
Start of the conflict:2014
End of the conflict:2017
Company names or state enterprises:Toyo-Thai Public Co. Ltd (TTPCL) (TTPCL) from Thailand - project developer
Relevant government actors:Myanmar Investment Commission (MIC)
Minister of Electricity and Energy
Department of Hydropower Planning [f]
Mon State Parliament,
and others
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Local groups such as Andin Youth Network,
Human Rights Foundation of Mon Land,
Mon Youth Forum,
Myanmar Alliance for Transparency and Accountability (MATA),
Toward Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance (TERRA), (Thailand),
and others
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Mon ethnic groups
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Objections to the EIA study process (before the EIA was completed)
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The project was stopped not only in Inn Din village but also in Hpa An village where the company attempted to implement the project after it was cancelled in Inn Din.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

2012 Environmental Conservation Law
[click to view]

2014 Myanmar Electricity Law
[click to view]

2012 Foreign Investment Law
[click to view]

2015 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Procedure
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[1] Parlain Community Study (2015). "Abundance of Parlain Natural Resources and Communities" Parlain Study by its community June 2015 (accessed online 25.06.2018)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] The Irrawaddy, 9 May 2017 "A Community Lives in Fear of Coal" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[4] The Irrawaddy, 5 May 2015 "Mass Protest Held Against Mon State Coal Plant Proposal" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[6] The Huffington Post Blog, 06 December 2017 "Myanmar Villagers Stand United Against Coal Plant" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[8] The Irrawaddy, 10 March 2016 "Mon Groups Demand Toyo-Thai Coal Plant Suspension" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[9] BNI Multimedia group, Mon News Agency, 08 December 2015 "Japan Banks Urged to Stop Supporting Coal-Fired Power Stations" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[3] Myanmar Business Today, 1 Feb 2016, Vol 4 Issue 5 "$2.8-b Mon Coal-fired Power Plant Suspended" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[5] Myanmar Times, 06 May 2015 "No coal, no Toyo-Thai’: Mon villagers rally against plant" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[7] on the Inn Dinn power station. (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[10] Statement on Myanmar Official Says Hpa-An Coal Plant Cancelled, signed by 131 civil society organizations on 4 April 2018 (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:EJatlas Southeast Asia Team ("at"
Last update18/08/2019
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