Inn Din (Andin) Coal power plant cancelled following protests, Mon State, Myanmar

A strong grassroots coalition against the 1,280 MW coal power plant achieved to halt the “silent killer”


Myanmar’s plans to increase electricity production through coal-fired power plants face strong public opposition. The case of the proposed 1,280 MW Inn Din (Andin) coal-power plant shows how a strong coalition of residents, monks, grassroots groups and civil society organizations succeeded to halt the expansion of dirty electricity .

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Basic Data
NameInn Din (Andin) Coal power plant cancelled following protests, Mon State, Myanmar
ProvinceMon State
SiteInn Din village (also spelled Andin), Ye Township
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe power plant, developed by the Toyo-Thai Public Co. Ltd, was initially planned to be located next to the Thilawa Special Economic Zone. The company failed, however, to secure the project site from the Yangon government [2]. Subsequently, the site in Inn Din village was chosen [7].

The agreement with the government included the construction of two units of 640 MW coal fired power plant that would be operated for 30 years [3,4,7].

An area of 500 acres was earmarked for the power plant, located just two kilometres away from Inn Din village [2].

The construction of the proposed 1,280 MW power plant had an estimated cost of 2.8 billion USD [2,3,7].

The company also proposed building a pontoon bridge that would be 3 to 5 km long and would stretch into the Andaman Sea [2].

According to the Huffington Post, the proposal included also the construction of a large deep-sea port to bring in coal from Indonesia and Australia [6].

Inn Din has a population of about 2,800 people [2].
Project Area (in hectares)202.3
Level of Investment (in USD)2,800,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Populationseveral thousands
Start Date2014
End Date2017
Company Names or State EnterprisesToyo-Thai Public Co. Ltd (TTPCL) (TTPCL) from Thailand - project developer
Relevant government actorsMyanmar Investment Commission (MIC)

Minister of Electricity and Energy

Department of Hydropower Planning [f]

Mon State Parliament,

and others
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLocal groups such as Andin Youth Network,

Human Rights Foundation of Mon Land,

Mon Youth Forum,

Myanmar Alliance for Transparency and Accountability (MATA),

Toward Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance (TERRA), (Thailand),

and others
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Mon ethnic groups
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Objections to the EIA study process (before the EIA was completed)
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The project was stopped not only in Inn Din village but also in Hpa An village where the company attempted to implement the project after it was cancelled in Inn Din.
Sources and Materials

2012 Environmental Conservation Law
[click to view]

2012 Foreign Investment Law
[click to view]

2014 Myanmar Electricity Law
[click to view]

2015 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Procedure
[click to view]


[1] Parlain Community Study (2015). "Abundance of Parlain Natural Resources and Communities" Parlain Study by its community June 2015 (accessed online 25.06.2018)
[click to view]


[2] The Irrawaddy, 9 May 2017 "A Community Lives in Fear of Coal" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[4] The Irrawaddy, 5 May 2015 "Mass Protest Held Against Mon State Coal Plant Proposal" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[6] The Huffington Post Blog, 06 December 2017 "Myanmar Villagers Stand United Against Coal Plant" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[8] The Irrawaddy, 10 March 2016 "Mon Groups Demand Toyo-Thai Coal Plant Suspension" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[9] BNI Multimedia group, Mon News Agency, 08 December 2015 "Japan Banks Urged to Stop Supporting Coal-Fired Power Stations" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[3] Myanmar Business Today, 1 Feb 2016, Vol 4 Issue 5 "$2.8-b Mon Coal-fired Power Plant Suspended" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[5] Myanmar Times, 06 May 2015 "No coal, no Toyo-Thai’: Mon villagers rally against plant" (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[7] on the Inn Dinn power station. (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

[10] Statement on Myanmar Official Says Hpa-An Coal Plant Cancelled, signed by 131 civil society organizations on 4 April 2018 (accessed online 04.06.2018).
[click to view]

Other Documents

Protests against the coal power plant Source:
[click to view]

'No coal' protests Source and Credit: The Irrawaddy,
[click to view]

5000 villagers rally against the coal power plant Source and Credit:
[click to view]

Request letter delivered to JICA and JBIC Source and Credit:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEJatlas Southeast Asia Team ("at"
Last update28/06/2018