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Nickel ore exploration in Mokra Gora region, Serbia


Exploratory mining in the period from the 1950s-1970s in eastern and central Serbia near the settlements of Mokra Gora and Lajkovac revealed the existence of 1% of nickel in the ore deposits. Today the region of Mokra Gora (Municipality of Uzice) has a status of a Natural Park (NP), while central Serbia, where Lajkovac is located (Municipality of Topola) is predominantly an agricultural region.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Nickel ore exploration in Mokra Gora region, Serbia
Location of conflict:Mokra Gora and Lajkovac
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Specific commodities:Nickel
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The mineral ores contain 0,7% of nickel.

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Project area:10,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2004
End of the conflict:2005
Company names or state enterprises:Dinara Nikl DOO from United Kingdom - Holder of nickel ore exploratory permit
Relevant government actors:Government of Republic of Serbia; The Ministry of Natural Resources, Mining and Spatial Planing; The Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia; Municipality of Uzice; Municipality of Topola
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Nature Park “Sargan-Mokra gora”:
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Natural park workers
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
threat of filing a lawsuit by the municipal government
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Cancellation of exploratory permit
Proposal and development of alternatives:The activists demanded cancellation of the Dinara Nikl DOO's exploratory permit issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources, Mining and Spatial Planning.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The Serbian Government withdrew the Dinara Nikl DOO's exploratory permit.
Sources & Materials

Protest zbog najave istraživanja
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Englezi bi da truju sumadiju
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Englezi kupuju sumadiju
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Odbrana sumadije
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Englezi-istraživači nikla, nepoželjni na Mokroj Gori, istraživanje nikla se ipak nastavlja
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Rudarska afera: Nikl "Underground"
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"European nickel PLC" research deposits of iron and nickel ores on Mokra Gora
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Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1665
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