Nickel ore exploration in Mokra Gora region, Serbia


Exploratory mining in the period from the 1950s-1970s in eastern and central Serbia near the settlements of Mokra Gora and Lajkovac revealed the existence of 1% of nickel in the ore deposits. Today the region of Mokra Gora (Municipality of Uzice) has a status of a Natural Park (NP), while central Serbia, where Lajkovac is located (Municipality of Topola) is predominantly an agricultural region.

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Basic Data
NameNickel ore exploration in Mokra Gora region, Serbia
SiteMokra Gora and Lajkovac
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesNickel
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe mineral ores contain 0,7% of nickel.

The license covers an area of 10,000 ha.

Total content of nickel- 250,000,000 t an estimation.
Project Area (in hectares)10,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2004
End Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesDinara Nikl DOO from United Kingdom - Holder of nickel ore exploratory permit
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Republic of Serbia; The Ministry of Natural Resources, Mining and Spatial Planing; The Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia; Municipality of Uzice; Municipality of Topola

Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNature Park “Sargan-Mokra gora”:
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Natural park workers
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
threat of filing a lawsuit by the municipal government
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject cancelled
Cancellation of exploratory permit
Development of AlternativesThe activists demanded cancellation of the Dinara Nikl DOO's exploratory permit issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources, Mining and Spatial Planning.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The Serbian Government withdrew the Dinara Nikl DOO's exploratory permit.
Sources and Materials

Englezi-istraživači nikla, nepoželjni na Mokroj Gori, istraživanje nikla se ipak nastavlja
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Protest zbog najave istraživanja
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Englezi bi da truju sumadiju
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Englezi kupuju sumadiju
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Odbrana sumadije
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"European nickel PLC" research deposits of iron and nickel ores on Mokra Gora
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Rudarska afera: Nikl "Underground"
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Other Documents

NP Mokra Gora Mokra Gora region is rich in nickel ore deposits as well as has the status of Natural park
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Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update21/11/2014