Last update:
2018-05-20

International Airport in Kertajati or Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat (BIJB), Java, Indonesia

Residents of ten villages have been forcibly evicted from their homes for Kertajati Airport ( knowing as a Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat -BIJB-)near the northern coast of West Java, Indonesia.



Description:

According to Global Anti-aerotropolis Movement (GAAM) : Plans for a major airport in Majalengka, on an enormous 5,000 hectare site in a predominantly rural administrative area in the West Java province, first surfaced in 2004. Kertajati International Airport is located around 68 kilometers east of Bandung (A touristic area). The intervening twelve years have been marked by vigorous resistance against displacement for the project, now named Kertajati Airport and also referred to as Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat (BIJB)[5,6,7].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:International Airport in Kertajati or Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat (BIJB), Java, Indonesia
Country:Indonesia
State or province:Java
Location of conflict:Kertajati, Sukamulya village Majalengka
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Ports and airport projects
Other
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Airport will have the capacity of up to 24 million passengers annually. It is being constructed to complement and eventually replace Husein Sastranegara International Airport in Bandung and also serve Cirebon and parts of West and Central Java [4].

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Project area:5,000
Level of Investment for the conflictive project267,400,000
Start of the conflict:2004
Company names or state enterprises:PT Angkasa Pura from Indonesia
PT Bandarudara Internasional Jawa Barat (BIJB) from Indonesia
PT Dirgantara Indonesia (PTDI) from Indonesia
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:The Front Perjuangan Rakyat Sukamulya (FPRS)
Global Anti-aerotropolis Movement (GAAM)
Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria (KPA)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Other Health impactssexual violence
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Criminalization of activists
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:According to the last news in 2018 from BIJB website: "The construction of West Java International Airport Kertajati in Majalengka, West Java, is expected to be completed and can be operated by 2018"[16]
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[6] Rose Bridger. Sept 2016. Sukamulya villagers resist acquisition of farmland for Kertajati Airport
[click to view]

[2] Jokowi Pastikan Bandara Kertajati Beroperasi Pertengahan 2018
[click to view]

[3] Early December, Kertajati Airport Development Reaches 76 Percent
[click to view]

[4] Kertajati International Airport
[click to view]

[7] Warga Sukamulya “Siap Mati” Melawan Penggusuran. Sept 2016
[click to view]

[8] Warga Sukamulya Menolak Pembangunan Bandara. 2007
[click to view]

[9] Ratusan Warga Desa Sukamulya Tolak Pembangunan BIJB. January 2016
[click to view]

[11] 10 villages evicted to develop a new International Airport. International Land Coalition. 2016
[click to view]

[12] Warga Sukamulya Menolak Pembangunan BIJB. KPA
[click to view]

[13] West Java’s Economic Ambition is in the Air. 2016
[click to view]

[14] Benteng Terakhir Sukamulya Melawan Gempuran Penggusuran
[click to view]

[15]Kawasan Aerocity Bandara Kertajati Butuh Pembangkit Listrik. 2016
[click to view]

[16] RI Announce to the World, Kertajati Airport Ready to Operate
[click to view]

Warga Sukamulya Menolak Pembangunan BIJB
[click to view]

BIJB-Railink Sign Transportation MoU for Kertajati Airport
[click to view]

KPA facebook 5th Sept 2016
[click to view]

Majalengka`s Kertajati Airport to become operational in 2017
[click to view]

This Airport can Potentially Absorb the Traffic of Jakarta International Airport. 2017
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[1] Aviation Expansion in Indonesia. GAAM.
[click to view]

[5] Kemerdekaan Tidak Hadir di Desa Sukamulya Majalengka.
[click to view]

[10] RATUSAN WARGA SUKAMULYA DEMO PENDOPO TUNTUT PEMBAYARAN PEMBEBASAN LAHAN BIJB.2016
[click to view]

FRONT Perjuangan Rakyat Sukamulya
[click to view]

Jawa Barat International Airport (BIJB) & Kertajati Aerocity
[click to view]

Bandara Internasional Kertajati | Kertajati International Airport | Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat
[click to view]

Aksi Damai FPRS (Front Perjuangan Rakyat Sukamulya) Majalengka
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor: GAAM, Stay Grounded and ICTA-UAB
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:3216
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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