ITER Reactor, France


ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) is a joint effort between the EU and six other countries (India, Japan, China, Russia, South Korea and the United States) that officially began in 2006 with the aim of developing ways to create huge quantities of energy by reproducing the nuclear reactions in the sun, so-called nuclear fusion. Taking advantage of the Cadarache facility (south east of France) they will try to achieve the goal thorough the construction of a reactor.

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Basic Data
NameITER Reactor, France
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Other
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsITER is designed to produce approximately 500 MW of fusion power sustained for up to 1,000 seconds by the fusion of about 0.5 g of deuterium/tritium mixture in its approximately 840 m3 reactor chamber.

Radioactive waste estimated: 30000 tones.

Project Area (in hectares)192
Level of Investment (in USD)24,470,000,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Company Names or State EnterprisesAgence Iter France from France
Itinerary Task Force from France
Relevant government actorsThe General Councils from the six départements closest to ITER (Hautes Alpes, Alpes de Haute Provence, Alpes Maritimes, Vaucluse, Var and Bouches du Rhône)., Provence-Alpes-Cote dAzur Regional Council., Communauté du Pays dAix.
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU)
European Domestic Agency Fusion for Energy (F4E)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSortir du Nucleaire
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Development of AlternativesFocus research and investments on safer and renewable energy sources.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.It is a matter pretty unknown for the general public. Only the anti-nuclear movement has protested against it and with limited strength. Consequently, it could be said that there are little chances to stop the project. However there is still a long way to go for the project since the trials will not start until 2020.
Sources and Materials

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ITER webpage:
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Stop ITER campaign (in French):
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Article in The Independent:
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Aricle in Smartplanet:
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BBC News:
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Media Links

Pictures of a protest in Marseille against ITER:
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Videos of a protest in Marseille against ITER:
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Meta Information
ContributorAlfred Burballa Noria
Last update08/04/2014