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ITER Reactor, France


ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) is a joint effort between the EU and six other countries (India, Japan, China, Russia, South Korea and the United States) that officially began in 2006 with the aim of developing ways to create huge quantities of energy by reproducing the nuclear reactions in the sun, so-called nuclear fusion. Taking advantage of the Cadarache facility (south east of France) they will try to achieve the goal thorough the construction of a reactor.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:ITER Reactor, France
State or province:Provence-Alpes-Côte-dAzur
Location of conflict:Saint-Paul-lès-Durance
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Other
Project Details and Actors
Project details

ITER is designed to produce approximately 500 MW of fusion power sustained for up to 1,000 seconds by the fusion of about 0.5 g of deuterium/tritium mixture in its approximately 840 m3 reactor chamber.

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Project area:192
Level of Investment for the conflictive project24,470,000,000
Type of populationUrban
Company names or state enterprises:Agence Iter France from France
Itinerary Task Force from France
Relevant government actors:The General Councils from the six départements closest to ITER (Hautes Alpes, Alpes de Haute Provence, Alpes Maritimes, Vaucluse, Var and Bouches du Rhône)., Provence-Alpes-Cote dAzur Regional Council., Communauté du Pays dAix.
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU)
European Domestic Agency Fusion for Energy (F4E)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Sortir du Nucleaire
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Proposal and development of alternatives:Focus research and investments on safer and renewable energy sources.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:It is a matter pretty unknown for the general public. Only the anti-nuclear movement has protested against it and with limited strength. Consequently, it could be said that there are little chances to stop the project. However there is still a long way to go for the project since the trials will not start until 2020.
Sources & Materials

Article in The Independent:
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Aricle in Smartplanet:
[click to view]

BBC News:
[click to view]

ITER webpage:
[click to view]

Stop ITER campaign (in French):
[click to view]

[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Pictures of a protest in Marseille against ITER:
[click to view]

Videos of a protest in Marseille against ITER:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Alfred Burballa Noria
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:14
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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