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J R Thermal Power Plant, Orissa, India


J R Power Jain Company has proposed a 1980 MW power plant at Kishore Nagar, District-Angul, Orissa.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:J R Thermal Power Plant, Orissa, India
State or province:Orissa
Location of conflict:Village- Kishore Nagar, District- Angul
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:405
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Jain Energy Limited from India
Jain Group from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Orissa, Orissa Pollution Control Board
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Krushi Krushaka Surakshya Committee (KKSC), Jan Jiban Surakhya Manch, Water initiative
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
rail lines blockades (3)
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Institutional changes
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:The agitators demanded the cancellation of the memorandum of understanding signed between the company and the state government. They have demanded to the district administration to relocate the plant elsewhere and if the state government continues with acquiring the land, they would oppose.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The company was notified for 4 (1) of Land Acquisition Act without taking locals into confidence. Protestors demanded immediate closure of all activities regarding the land acquisition. Officials have forwarded the demands of the locals to the state government for reconsideration. Officials said that if people feel any discrepancies are meted out to them in issuing the 4 (1) notice, they should come to the table for a discussion [1] Protestors called upon the Government to withdraw the MoU with the power plant. Rather they want pending irrigation project not the plant which would cause large-scale displacement and pollution [2]
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Locals oppose Angul power plant project
[click to view]

[2] Locals rally against JR power plant
[click to view]

[5] Jain Group of Industries
[click to view]

[4] Odisha: Krushi Krushaka Surakshya Committee opposing the J R Power plant
[click to view]

[3] Go Back JR Power Plant : Rail and Road Blockade
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014
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