Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant, Maharashtra, India


The Government of India accorded its sanction in October 2005 to set up the Nuclear Power Plant at Jaitapur. The site selection Committee, notified by the Government of India selects the site for setting up a nuclear power plant, reviewed various parameters as per the requirements laid down in the code of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board.

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Basic Data
NameJaitapur Nuclear Power Plant, Maharashtra, India
SiteJaitapur, District-Ratnagiri
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThere will be six reactor units of 1650 MWe each at JNPP (about 9,000 MWe). The distance between each adjacent reactor unit is planned to be 250-300 meters.

One unit of 1650 MWe plant operating at full capacity shall generate 36-39 million units per day. Presently, generation capacity of six units is 1650 MWe capacity each. Evolutionary Pressurised Reactors (EPR) from Areva, France is under consideration of the Government of India.

to 6 months’ time is required to declare commercial operation after completion of construction. The time required for completion of each unit is approximately six years from the start date. Approximately all the six units of 1650 MWe each will be constructed in a twin-unit mode in phased manner and implemented in a period of 15-18 years.

The guaranteed life of the proposed plant is 60 years.

Project Area (in hectares)968
Level of Investment (in USD)55,000,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population-40
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesJarch Management Group LTD
Jarch Capital LLC
LEAC for Agriculture and Investment Co Ltd from South Sudan
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMaharashtra Machhimar Kruti Samiti (affiliated to National Fishworkers Forum (NFF)), Konkan Bachao Samiti (KBS), Janahit Seva Samiti, Madban Mithgavane Sangharsh Samiti
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Political group Shiv Sena
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Violent targeting of activists
Development of AlternativesThe Protesters will continue the anti-nuclear power plant agitation as they don’t want hazardous nuclear power project in the project area.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The Maharashtra government’s decision to give increased compensation to the Project-Affected People has created split between the agitating villagers. Some have agreed to receive the compensation while others are continuing the protest.
Sources and Materials

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Cost of Electricity from the Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant
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People vs Nuclear Power in Jaitapur, Maharashtra
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Nuclear Lies (in German)
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(1) The Hindu, Protest against Jaitapur nuclear plant
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India-France sign agreement on civil nuclear cooperation
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Jaitapur protest will continue, claim villagers
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In Jaitapur, fissures in anti-nuclear plant movement
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activists detained after anti-Jaitapur protest
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Rahul to hear grievances of Jaitapur protesters
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Areva closes in on key agreement for Jaitapur plant
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Facts about Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant
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Debate over N-plant in Jaitapur turns political
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Jaitapur power plant: protesters agree to withdraw agitation
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Split in anti-jaitapur plant movement, leaders change side
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Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant)
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French Parliament ratifies Indo-French nuclear deal
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Facebook Activism against Jaitapur nuclear plant
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Media Links

Villagers protest against Jaitapur nuclear power plant
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Jaitapur Firing Victims Family Refuses To Claim Body
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Jaitapur Bandh Turns Violent
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Praful Bidwai speaks after his trip to JAITAPUR NUCLEAR POWER PLANT
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ContributorSohan Prasad Sha & Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014