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Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant, Maharashtra, India


The Government of India accorded its sanction in October 2005 to set up the Nuclear Power Plant at Jaitapur. The site selection Committee, notified by the Government of India selects the site for setting up a nuclear power plant, reviewed various parameters as per the requirements laid down in the code of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant, Maharashtra, India
State or province:Maharashtra
Location of conflict:Jaitapur, District-Ratnagiri
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:Uranium
Project Details and Actors
Project details

There will be six reactor units of 1650 MWe each at JNPP (about 9,000 MWe). The distance between each adjacent reactor unit is planned to be 250-300 meters.

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Project area:968
Level of Investment:55,000,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:-40
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Jarch Management Group LTD
Jarch Capital LLC
LEAC for Agriculture and Investment Co Ltd from South Sudan
Relevant government actors:Government of India
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Maharashtra Machhimar Kruti Samiti (affiliated to National Fishworkers Forum (NFF)), Konkan Bachao Samiti (KBS), Janahit Seva Samiti, Madban Mithgavane Sangharsh Samiti
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Political group Shiv Sena
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Violent targeting of activists
Development of alternatives:The Protesters will continue the anti-nuclear power plant agitation as they don’t want hazardous nuclear power project in the project area.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The Maharashtra government’s decision to give increased compensation to the Project-Affected People has created split between the agitating villagers. Some have agreed to receive the compensation while others are continuing the protest.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict


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References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Nuclear Lies (in German)
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People vs Nuclear Power in Jaitapur, Maharashtra
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Cost of Electricity from the Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

India-France sign agreement on civil nuclear cooperation
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activists detained after anti-Jaitapur protest
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Areva closes in on key agreement for Jaitapur plant
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Facts about Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant
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Debate over N-plant in Jaitapur turns political
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Jaitapur power plant: protesters agree to withdraw agitation
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Split in anti-jaitapur plant movement, leaders change side
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Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant)
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French Parliament ratifies Indo-French nuclear deal
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Facebook Activism against Jaitapur nuclear plant
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(1) The Hindu, Protest against Jaitapur nuclear plant
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Jaitapur protest will continue, claim villagers
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Rahul to hear grievances of Jaitapur protesters
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In Jaitapur, fissures in anti-nuclear plant movement
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Praful Bidwai speaks after his trip to JAITAPUR NUCLEAR POWER PLANT
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Jaitapur Firing Victims Family Refuses To Claim Body
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Villagers protest against Jaitapur nuclear power plant
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Jaitapur Bandh Turns Violent
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Contributor:Sohan Prasad Sha & Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014
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