Last update:
2015-05-28

Jalaur River Multi-Purpose Project (JRMPP) Phase II Dam, Iloilo, Philippines

A “mega” dam in terms of economic costs, social and environmental impacts, but with few benefits, mainly for a small elite.


Description:

The proposed “mega-dam” Jalaur River Multi-Purpose Project Phase II (JRMPP) may be termed “mega” due to its economic costs, social and environmental impacts and potential for environmental disasters; but it is a small dam project in terms of irrigated area and production capacity of only 6.6 MW. The project has received therefore large critics and protests, and is alleged to be likely related to corruption and private interests, rather than to the development of the region [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Jalaur River Multi-Purpose Project (JRMPP) Phase II Dam, Iloilo, Philippines
Country:Philippines
State or province:Iloilo
Location of conflict:Calinog Municipality
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project investment of 11.212 Billion Philippine Pesos (around 250 million USD) [4].

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Project area:unknown
Level of Investment:250,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:17,000 displaced
Start of the conflict:20/12/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Newington Builders, Inc. from Philippines - construction
Relevant government actors:Government of the Philippines; Senator Franklin Drilon; National Irrigation Authority (NIA); National Commission of Indigenous Peoples (NCIP); National Economic Development Authority (NEDA)
International and Finance InstitutionsGovernment of the Philippines from Philippines
Government of the Republic of Korea from Republic of Korea
Export-Import Bank of Korea (KEXIM) (KEXIM) from Republic of Korea
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Paghugpong sang mga Mangunguma sa Panay kag Guimaras (PAMANGGAS); Tumandok nga Mangunguma nga Nagapangapin sa Duta kag Kabuhi (TUMANDUK) Inc.; Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (BAYAN) – Panay; Dagsaw Panay-Guimaras Indigenous Peoples’ Network (PGIPNET); Promotion of Church Peoples’ Response (PCPR) – Panay; Bayan Muna – Panay; Jalaur River for the People Movement (JRPM); Oikos Ecological Movement; Scientist group Advocates of Science and Technology for the People (Agham); The Kalikasan People’s Network for the Environment (Kalikasan PNE); Jubilee South -Asia Pacific Movement on Debt & Development; Freedom from Debt Coalition, and others
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Pastoralists
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Indigenous Tumandoks, indigenous Panay Bukidnon
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Refusal of compensation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Corruption
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Migration/displacement
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Development of alternatives:As published by a coalition of local groups opposing the project [10].
"To summarize, we oppose the JRMPII because:
It poses great danger to the lives and livelihood of affected communities upstream and downstream of the project.
It violates the indigenous people’s right to give or deny consent to projects in their ancestral domain and dislocates a big number of indigenous families .
The tremendously large amount of public capital investment does not justify the avowed benefits and is fraught with risks.
It plans to privatize water, a very important common resource which is part of our national patrimony.
The Php11.2billion investment in the JRMPII will be better used to:
Build small dams and rehabilitate existing irrigation systems which are less risky.
Provide assistance of farm inputs, equipment and credit facilities to farmers.
Rehabilitation and improvement of flood control measures in flood prone areas.
We support the Bayan Muna House Resolution No. 323 titled RESOLUTION FOR THE COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES TO CONDUCT AN ONSITE INVESTIGATION, IN AID OF LEGISLATION, ON THE VIABILITY AND DISASTER VULNERABILITIES OF THE JALAUR RIVER MULTIPURPOSE PROJECT STAGE II (JRMP), TO BE SITUATED ON TOP OF THE WEST PANAY FAULT WHICH IS AN ACTIVE FAULT AND THUS THREATENS THE LIVES AND LIVELIHOOD OF THE PEOPLE AND OTHER AFFECTED COMMUNITIES IN THE EVENT OF A MAJOR DISASTER, filed on September 24, 2012."
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:It seems that the project will go on.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997 (IPRA)
[click to view]

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 2651 - AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE JALAUR MULTI-PURPOSE PROJECT IN THE PROVINCE OF ILOILO AND GOVERNING ITS OPERATION AFTER ITS COMPLETION
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] The Philippine Star online (02/11/2013): "Killer dam" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[3] Senate of the Philippines Press Release (04/01/2012): "Drilon: Jalaur River Multi-Purpose Project II to create 17,000 jobs in Iloilo" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[4] AGHAM online (5/08/2014): "Group reiterates call to halt Jalaur Dam Project implementation" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[11] The Manila Bulletin online (12/02/2015): "Gov’t intervenes for mega dam project-affected communities" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[2] InterAksyon online (22/05/2015): "Construction of P11.2-B dam project in Iloilo to start in November: Drilon" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[6] International Coalition for Human Rights in the Philippines News Release (01/04/2014): "Jalaur River for the People Movement questions irrigation canal construction" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[7] Jalaur River for the People Movement Statement on the Celebration of Earth Day (27.04.2015) (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[8] Asia Pacific Movement on Debt & Development: "Protesters call on Koreans to stop funding dangerous, climate-damaging Jalaur dam" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[9] Panay News online (16/02/2015): "Syjuco funding anti-dam protests – Calinog mayor" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[10] Position Paper Against the Jalaur River Multipurpose Project II (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[12] Briefing Paper on the Jalaur River Multipurpose Project Phase 2 (JRMPII); Released by the Jalaur River for the People Movement (JRPM); November 2012 (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[13] Journal Online (01/12/2014): "Court junks request of TEPO for Jalaur mega dam" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[5] Kalikasan PNE Press Release (10/07/2015): "Kalikasan PNE: DAP-funded Jalaur Mega Dam project is environmentally destructive, hazardous" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Facebook page against the dam
[click to view]

Short video on the impacts of the dam
[click to view]

Other documents

Protesters call on Korea to stop funding the dam Source: http://apmdd.org/reclaim-power-2014/69-news/276-protesters-call-on-koreans-to-stop-funding-dangerous-climate-damaging-jalaur-dam
[click to view]

Protests Source: http://www.khis.or.kr/spaceBBS/bbs.asp?act=read&bbs=en_board&no=133&ncount=131&s_text=&s_title=&pageno=1&basic_url=
[click to view]

Jalaur River Source: https://jeyaye.wordpress.com/2012/11/22/the-jalaur-mega-dam-and-the-lives-of-the-people/
[click to view]

Dam as planned Source: http://www.kalikasan.net/press-release/2014/07/10/kalikasan-pne-dap-funded-jalaur-mega-dam-project-environmentally
[click to view]

Loss of indigenous culture Source: https://www.facebook.com/pages/No-to-Jalaur-Mega-Dam-Project/338778972923935
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:A. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB) / arnim "dot" scheidel "at" gmail "dot" com
Last update28/05/2015
Comments
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