Jasodharpur Industrial Area, Uttarakhand, India


Jasodharpur Industrial Area (JIA) was started in 1996-1997. The area is located near Kotdwar town of Pauri Garhwal district in Uttarakhand. There are about 20 steel production plant located in the cluster owned by the Infrastructure and Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand (SIDCUL).

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Basic Data
NameJasodharpur Industrial Area, Uttarakhand, India
SiteJasodharpur; Kotdwar
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral processing
Other industries
Specific Commodities
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe industrial cluster was established in 1996-97. The area spreads over 36.4 hectares. There are about 18 mini steel factories located in the cluster. The factories use scrap as the raw material to produce ingots and bars. Total production capacity is about 167,000 tonnes of ingots per annum and 101,000 tonnes of bar [3] .

Project Area (in hectares)36.4
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesKukreti Steel from India
Shree Sidhbali Sugar, Unit I from India
Shree Dhanvarsha Steels from India
Sant Steels & Alloys from India
Uttaranchal Iron & Ispat from India
Uttaranchal Iron & Ispat, Unit II from India
Kotdwar Steels from India
Sumo Steels from India
Himgiri Ispat from India
Pushkar Steels from India
HRJ Steels from India
Jai Mateshwari Steels from India
Poddar Alloys from India
Bhagyashree Steels & Alloys from India
JN Ispat from India
Amritvarsha Udhyog from India
PL Steels from India
Shree Sidhbali Sugar, Unit II from India
Relevant government actorsUttar Pradesh State Industrial Development Corporation , State Infrastructure and Industrial Development, Corporation of Uttarakhand , Government of Uttarakhand, Uttarakhand, Environment Protection and Pollution Control Board,
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersKissan Mahasabha, Sangharsh Samiti of Kotdwar, The people of villages Maganpur, Haldukhata, Jasodharpur
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesThe sit-in protest (Dharna) lifted by the protesters, on December 6, 2012 when the government agreed to certain demands raised by the people. One of the demand was that to carry a study of environmental impact by an independent agency (centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi)

The second demand was an inspection by The Sub-divisional Megistrate(SDM’s) and closure of units which are violating pollution norms [1].
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Although request for shutting of factories which were causing pollution and using coal illegally was also made to the government the industries have not been shut. Nor has the demand that the JIA be moved away been met [1]
Sources and Materials

[1] Environmental Assessment Jasodharpur Industrial Area Kotdwar, Uttarakhand
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[2] CSEs Environmental Assessment of Jasodharpur Industrial Area in Uttarakhand
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[3] Steeled up
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Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014