The Jharia coalfield in Jharkhand is an exclusive storehouse of prime coke coal in India. The Jharia mines were opened for coal mining in 1896. The underground fire was detected for the first time in 1916. It started spreading during the 1970s . At present, more than 70 mine fires are reported from this region. Since then, underground fires in Jharia coal field have caused deaths and illnesses in the nearby villages. The pollution caused by the underground fires affects the whole environment. Air, water, and land of near by areas are highly polluted. Smoke, from these fires contains poisonous gases. Smoke and particulate matters are the causes of several respiratory and skin diseases. The gases emitting due to underground fire contribute to global warming. These fires also pollute water by contaminating it and increasing its acidity. These fires cause heavy degradation of land and does not allow any vegetation to grow in the area.