Jindal Steel captive power plant in Godda, Jharkhand, India


The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee has inaugurated Jindal Steel and Power Limited’s (JSPL) coal-powered plant on April 30, 2013.

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Basic Data
NameJindal Steel captive power plant in Godda, Jharkhand, India
ProvinceGodda, Jharkhand
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsJindal Steel and Power Limited (JSPL) is one of India’s major steel producers with a significant presence in sectors like Steel, Mining, Power Generation and Infrastructure. With an annual turnover of over US$ 3.5 billion, JSPL is a part of the over US$ 18 billion diversified O. P. Jindal Group. In the recent past, JSPL has expanded its steel, power and mining businesses to various parts of the world particularly in Asia, Africa and Australia.

The Godda plant entails an investment of around Rs 8,500 crores and will have 2 units of 660 MW each, made of super critical technology. Power from this Captive Power Plant will be supplied to the company’s 6 MTPA Patratu/Asanboni steel plants. Company has claimed that the statutory clearances like Environment Clearance for the Power Project have been obtained. Majority of the land required for the project has been acquired. Construction work for the approach road and boundary wall has already started. Part of the Coal for the power plant will be sourced from the Jitpur coal block, which is situated 10 kms away from the project site. It will be brought to the plant through a cross country pipe conveyor [1]. Jitapur block currently has a reserve of about 65 million tonnes of coal and it could feed the Godda power plant for 15 years. The coal block has received preliminary (Stage-I) forest clearance [2]. The project is the first mega power project in Santhal Pargana region, and is expected to provide direct and indirect employment to 20,000 people [3 4]

Coal Source: 2.5 MTPA from Jitpur Coal Block; 4.0 MTPA imported from Mozambique and Indonesia
Project Area (in hectares)485.6228
Level of Investment (in USD)1,413,872,940 (about Rs 8,500 crore)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population10,000-20,000 (11 villages)
Start Date30/04/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesJindal Steel and Power Limited from India - Project Executor
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Jharkhand

Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLocal Villagers (Adivasi farmers)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place, Land dispossession
Potential: Violations of human rights, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.JSPL, in a statement, said all land for its projects had been obtained “through the government acquisition route, with consent of the people”. The point has been reiterated at the inauguration ceremony the company director and Member of Parliament Naveen Jindal.

However, the local people are not willing to give up their land. The local, people mostly tribal said that the all land around this village is their land. Except a few families the rest other have refused to sell their land. These people depend on their land for their livelihood hence they will not give up this land.

They have been intimidated by the local administration including the local police force. The police have been coming to the village regularly. From the police station, hundreds of policemen and home guards carrying sticks walked around villages. This causes fear among the local people.

These people in the villages had already displaced when a nearby dam called the Sunder Dam was built. Now this new power plant and its coal linkage will displace them second time. So, they will not ready to be moved from their land [5].
Sources and Materials

The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
[click to view]

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
[click to view]

Environmental Clearance
[click to view]


[1] Press Release Hon’ble President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee, lays the foundation of Jharkhand’s first power plant based on Super Critical Technology to be set up by Jindal Steel and Power
[click to view]

[2] Jindal Steel plans captive power plant in Jharkhand in 3 years
[click to view]

[3] Stone laid for Jindal Steel’s power plant in Jharkhand
[click to view]

[4] JSPL to come up with 1320 MW thermal power plant at Godda
[click to view]

[5] Police detain Adivasi protesters as President lays foundation for Jindal power plant
[click to view]

Other Documents

President Pranab Mukherjee along with Jharkhand Governor Syed Ahmed, Congress MP Subodh Kant Sahay and Navin Jindal at the inauguration of the power plant at Godda Source: http://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/stone-laid-for-jindal-steels-power-plant-in-jharkhand/article4670652.ece
[click to view]

Villagers Hopanmai Marandi (left) and Mary Hasda are among those detained at the Sundarpahari police station in Godda, Jharkhand Source: http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/police-detain-adivasi-protesters-as-president-lays-foundation-for-jindal-power-plant/article4671126.ece
[click to view]

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ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update22/05/2014