Joinkrama oil spill (JK 4), Nigeria


Joinkrama 4, popularly called JK4, is an Engene-speaking Ijaw community settled along the Taylor Creek and administratively situated in Ahoada West Local Government Area of River State. JK4 is in the Edagberi/Betterland Community area and has about 40 oil wells drilled and operated by the Shell Petroleum Development Company [SPDC]. The community is host to Shells Adibawa oil field.

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Basic Data
NameJoinkrama oil spill (JK 4), Nigeria
ProvinceRivers State
SiteAhoada West Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific Commodities
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date18/09/2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesRoyal Dutch Shell (SPDC) from Netherlands
Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) from Netherlands
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersOilwatch Nigeria, ERA Nigeria
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Noise pollution, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents
Potential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Shell still has to clean up the impacted area, despite the agitations from the community people.
Sources and Materials

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) and NOSDRA (National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency)


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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorNnimmo Bassey
Last update08/04/2014