Kaolin pipeline on Quilombo land in Moju, Para, Brazil


The 674 quilombolas families living in municipality of Moju are suffering the negative impacts of the kaolin transport by Vale. The kaolin is explored by CADAM, a subsidiary of Vale, in Vitoria do Jari and transported by a pipeline to Barcarena, both in the State of Para. According to the report of the Ministerio Publico Federal no Para, since November 2006 six quilombolas communities (Jacundai, Mirindeua, Conceicao de Nossa Senhora das Gras, Santa Luzia, Sao Bernardino and Sao Manuel) had their crops affected by the mining company.

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Basic Data
NameKaolin pipeline on Quilombo land in Moju, Para, Brazil
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesKaolin, Also Known As China Clay
Project Details and Actors
Level of Investment (in USD)30000000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesVale S.A. (Vale) from Brazil - formerly named Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (Brazil)
Caulim da Amazonia (Cadam) from Brazil
KaMin LLC from Belgium
Relevant government actorsMinisterio Publico Federal - MPF, Ministerio Publico do Estado do Para - MPE/PA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLocal associations of the quilombolas communities
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The companys activities on the site remain and the social and environmental impacts have not been mitigated.
Sources and Materials

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. comunidades quilombolas de Moju sofrendo com a contaminacao dos rios e igarapes, em virtude de vazamentos do mineroduto de caulim. Disponivel em:
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Acesso em: 23 jan. 2013.


Folha de Sao Paulo, Vale abandona segmento do minrio caulim
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014