Kaolin pipeline on Quilombo land in Moju, Para, Brazil

Quilombola´s communities against a pipeline that leads to the loss of 20% of their territories. In 2011, the Federal Court in Belém (PA) condemned VALE to pay monthly damages to families affected. In 2012, Vale sold the CADAM to KaMin company


The 674 quilombolas  or Maroons families living in municipality of Moju are suffering the negative impacts of the kaolin transport by Vale. The kaolin is explored by CADAM, a subsidiary of Vale, in Vitoria do Jari and transported by a pipeline to Barcarena, both in the State of Para. According to the report of the Ministerio Publico Federal in Para, since November 2006 six quilombolas communities (Jacundai, Mirindeua, Conceicao de Nossa Senhora das Gras, Santa Luzia, Sao Bernardino and Sao Manuel) had their crops affected by the mining company.

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Basic Data
NameKaolin pipeline on Quilombo land in Moju, Para, Brazil
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesKaolin, Also Known As China Clay
Project Details and Actors
Project Details-Kaolin is a mineral used in the production of paper, toothpaste, cosmetics, and other daily use products.

-Kaolins are white, friable and refractory clays, composed mainly of kaolinite or aluminum silicates.

-The installation of the pipeline and the transmission line represents the loss of 20% of the community's territory
Level of Investment (in USD)30,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesVale (Vale) from Brazil - formerly named Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (Brazil)
Caulim da Amazonia (Cadam) from Brazil
KaMin LLC from Belgium
Pará Pigmentos SA from Brazil
Imerys Rio Capim Caulim SA from Brazil
Relevant government actorsMinisterio Publico Federal - MPF, Ministerio Publico do Estado do Para - MPE/PA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLocal associations of the quilombolas communities, Comisión Pastoral de la Tierra (CPT), Consejo de las Asociaciones Remanente de Quilombolo de Moju.

Supporters: Universidad Federal Rural de la Amazonía (UFRA), ONG Amazônia, CPT, Red Brasilera de Justicia Social, ONG Centro de Mídia Independente y el Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de América Latina (OCMAL)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Criminalization of activists
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The companys activities on the site remain and the social and environmental impacts have not been mitigated.
Sources and Materials

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. comunidades quilombolas de Moju sofrendo com a contaminacao dos rios e igarapes, em virtude de vazamentos do mineroduto de caulim. Disponivel em:
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CONFLICTOS PROVOCADOS POR LA ACTUACIÓN DE LA VALE S.A. from the book PACHA: DEFENDIENDO LA TIERRA. Extractivismo, conflictos y alternativas en América Latina y Caribe.
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Cuando de infraestruCtura se trata, las osC también tienen voz.

estudio de Caso de inCidenCia medioambiental: mineroduCto en territorio Quilombolo, Jambuaçu (brasil) y el oleoduCto de los llanos (Colombia)
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Folha de Sao Paulo, Vale abandona segmento do minrio caulim
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Quilombolas fazem protesto contra Vale
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Justiça condena a Vale a indenizar 788 famílias quilombolas
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Conselho das Associações de Remanescentes de Quilombo de Moju
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Conflicto Minero: Comunidades quilombolas do município de Moju (PA) contra Companhia Vale do Rio Doce
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Mineração e beneficiamento de caulim afetam meio ambiente na Amazônia Oriental
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Other Documents

Kaolin mining and transport Source: http://www.imerysnopara.com.br/pagina/?id=1&id_categoria=21
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Mina RCC, em Ipixuna do Pará. Source: http://www.imerysnopara.com.br/pagina/?id=1&id_categoria=21
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Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update25/03/2019