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Karad Airport expansion, Maharashtra, India

Farmer strong mobilizations against Karad airport Expansion to save fertile and irrigated land.


On 29th July 2019 small-scale farmers began protesting, continuously through days and nights, with a sit-in in front of the district’s planning administration (Satara Collector Office) against the expansion of Karad Airport in Maharashtra State, India.[1] The farmers who started the sit-in (Thiyya Aandola) announced they would continue their protest until the government meets their demands and cancels the expansion project[2]. They submitted details of their concerns to the Satara Collector and the CMO (Chief Minister’s Office). This agitation is the latest in the ongoing resistance of farmers opposing the airport expansion for more than 8 years, since 2011. The protests take place under the aegis of the socio-political organization Shramik Mukti Dal.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Karad Airport expansion, Maharashtra, India
State or province:Maharashtra
Location of conflict:Karad, Satara district
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Land acquisition conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land
Cut flowers
Rare metals
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Karad Airport was constructed in 1955 to facilitate the Koyna Dam project. It is currently used for general aviation and pilot training and the site area is 40.47 hectares. Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC) has been tasked with developing several airports in non-metropolitan regions, including Karad Airport. MADC plans to lengthen the 1,250 metre runway by 1,500 metres and widen it by 150 metres.[9] The Audit Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India on Public Sector Undertakings for the year ended March 2016 approved and released Rs 85.46 crore (USD12,079,130) for the project.[10]

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Project area:1335.46
Level of Investment:12,079,130
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:25,000
Start of the conflict:25/06/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC) from India
Relevant government actors:Divisional commissioner Pune
District collector Satara
Government of Maharashtra
Airports Authority of India (AAI)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Shramik Mukti Dal, Maharashtra -
VIMANTAL VISTARVAD KRUTI SAMITI (Anti-Airport Expansion Committee)
Bhairavanathi cooperative irrigation project limited Kese
Stay Grounded -
Land Conflict Watch -
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Artisanal miners
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Informal workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Property damage/arson
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Boycotts of companies-products
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Desertification/Drought
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Oil spills, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Global warming
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Potential: Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Infectious diseases, Malnutrition, Accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Increase in violence and crime
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Fostering a culture of peace
Development of alternatives:VIMANTAL VISTARVAD KRUTI SAMITI for last 8 years, have suggested to take this project to Man-Khatav Tahsil Nidhal-Pusegaun villages as there is good availabilty of dry land .
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

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National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2007, Department of Land Resources, Government of India
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[10] Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India on Public Sector Undertakings for the year ended 31 March 2016, Government of Maharashtra Report No.2 of the year 2017
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References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

maharashtra rehabilitation and resettlement act
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Sit-in of farmers for more than a month against Karad Airport expansion, Stay Grounded, 4 September 2019
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[3] Karad 5 villages opposed to extension of airport, AM News, 30 August 2019
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[5] Farmers oppose acquisition of land in Prithviraj Chavan's den, DNA India, 8 July 2011
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[2] कराड विमानतळ विस्तारीकरणाच्या विरोधात मोर्चा, Dainik Prabhat, 30 July 2019
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[7] विमानतळ विस्तारवाढप्रश्नी शासनाच्या उत्तरानंतर आंदोलनाची पुढील दिशा,, 20 December 2012
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[6] Farmers oppose Karad airport expansion, The Hindu, 24 July 2012
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[4] बाधित शेतकऱ्यांचा विमानतळाच्या गेटवर ठिय्या, Dainik Prabhat, 30 July
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[9] Karad Airport, Wikipedia
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[11] Extension of Karad Airport is illegal,, 20 September 2019
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[11] Karad Airport Expansion Land Acquisition, Land Conflict Watch, 14 July 2017
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

कराड विमानतळासमोर शेतकऱ्यांची निदर्शने, pudharionline, 30 August 2019
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कराड विमानतळ विस्तार रद्द होणार - डॉ. भारत पाटणकर ..., Muktagiri News Satara, 23 August 2019
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कराड विमानतळ विस्तार वाढीला पाच गावचा विरोध पहा मोर्चा, न्युज अस्लम मुल्ला, FAAD VARTA, 29 August 2019
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कराड विमानतळ विस्तार वाढ रद्द करा ,ग्रामस्थांचा मोर्चा, न्युज अस्लम मुल्ला, KARAD VARTA, 29 August 2019
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कराड विमानतळ विस्तारीकरण विरोधासाठी श्रमिक मुक्ती दलचे बेमुदत उपोषण सुरु ., Muktagiri News Satara, 29 July 2019
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कराड विमानतळ बाधित शेतकऱ्यांसाठी श्रमिक मुक्ती दल रस्त्यावर..., Satara Live, 29 July 2019
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कराड विमानतळ विस्तार विरोधी कृती समितीचे आंदोलन, Lokpravah news, 13 September 2019
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indian law
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Other documents

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Farmers' sit-in protest Start of farmers' sit-in protest against Karad Airport expansion at Satara Collectors office. Photo: Dainik Prabhat, 30 July 2019
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Sit-in protest Villagers hold sit-in protest in front of Satara Collector Office against Karad Airport expansion project. Photo: Daily World, 30 August 2019
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Farmers' sit-in protest Start of farmers' sit-in protest against Karad Airport expansion at Satara Collectors office. Photo: Dainik Prabhat, 30 July 2019
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Agitation against airport expansion, 2012 Protest against Karad Airport expansion in December 2012, when the issue was raised in the Legislative Assembly. Photo:, 20 December 2012
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5 villages opposed to Karad Airport expansion Villagers hold sit-in protest in front of Satara Collector Office against Karad Airport expansion project. Photo: Daily World, 30 August 2019
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Protesters say Karad Airport extension is illegal Photo:, 19 September 2019
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Farmers protest airport expansion Farmers started the sit-in (Thiyya Aandola) protest against expansion of Karad Airport on 29th July 2019. Photo: Vinayak Shinde
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protest against airport expansion 19th september rally
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Other comments:Current Local authorities are showing unnecessary urgency in land aquisation. They have not given notice under Sec.4(1), Sec.6, Sec.5A and/or Sec.9 of Land Acquisition Act. Nor has a received copy of so called award mentioned in reference notice. Directly they have given final notice of land acquisition. They have not followed 2013 act. section 24. In copy of award they took signatures of only 3 persons from a single family out of 1100 project affected. Even with continous democratic protest regarding needlessness from year 2012 till date nothing is done by government in our favour.
Meta information
Contributor:Vinayak Govindrao Shinde, [email protected], Shramik Mukti Dal
Last update01/11/2019
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