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Karawang Airport and Cilamaya Seaport on north coast of Java, Indonesia

Hundreds of farmers and fisherfolk (members of the Farmers Union of Karawang) contributed to stop the Karawang airport and Cimalaya seaport projects on the north coast of Java


A series of airport projects have been planned by the Indonesian government, following the cancellation of building the third runway of Soekarno-Hatta Airport in Yakarta. Soekarno-Hatta is located near Indonesia's capital city of Jakarta, and is currently handling much more passengers than it was designed for. In order to reduce the burden on Soekarno-Hatta airport, a new airport on the north coast of Java (in Karawang) was planned [3,4,5]. Karawan is one of the main rice production areas on the Java island. Industrial estates have been built in the area since the early 2000s [3]. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Karawang Airport and Cilamaya Seaport on north coast of Java, Indonesia
State or province:Java
Location of conflict:Cilamaya district of Karawang
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Ports and airport projects
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Coast land; transportation services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The capacity of the airport that would cover 4,000 ha in Karawang would be made ​​similar to that in Soekarno-Hatta Airport . The airport would be built in three phases with an investment scheme based on a public private partnership (PPP). For the first phase, the airport would be built to accommodate 30 million passengers, from a total capacity of 100 million passengers. The government also planned to improve access to the new airport in Karawang, by making supporting infrastructure available, namely the airport train and a toll road [4].

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Project area:6,000
Level of Investment for the conflictive projectunknown
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:unknown
Start of the conflict:01/12/2011
Company names or state enterprises:PT Angkasa Pura from Indonesia
International and Finance InstitutionsJapan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) (JICA) from Japan - Japan is reportedly pursuing a deal to invest $2.49bn into the new deep-sea port project in Patimban, Subang, West Java, through the Transportation Ministry of Indonesia[2]
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Serikat Petani Karawang
GAAM (Global Anti-aerotropolis movement)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The Karawang airport project was dropped, but, currently, the government is working on finding a new site for the development.
The Cilamaya plan was dropped, reportedly because it would affect expansion of offshore operations of Pertamina, state run oil and gas firm, but in March 2016 it was reported that Japan is pursuing a deal for a replacement for the project, a deep sea port further east along the Java northern coast, in Patimban.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[3] GAAM reports. Karawang Airport (cancelled), West Java
[click to view]

[9] The study on monitoring and implementing acceleration for metropolitan priority area for investment and industry 2014. Japan International cooperation
[click to view]

[1] Sepetak Unjuk Rasa Tolak RTRW Karawang
[click to view]

[2] Japan to offer $2.49bn loan for Jakarta’s Patimban deep-sea port project
[click to view]

[4] Construction of Karawang Airport Expedited
[click to view]

[5] Indonesian Infrastructure Update: Construction of the Karawang Airport
[click to view]

[6] AIR TRANSPORT: Karawang Airport Project Going Nowhere
[click to view]

[7] Centre for Aviation (CAPA): New Jakarta Airport
[click to view]

[8] National project: Karawang airport
[click to view]

[9] Infrastructure Projects in Indonesia: Cilamaya Seaport Project
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Stay Grounded, GAAM and ICTA-UAB
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:3284
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