Kfaraabida Beach Privatization, Lebanon

Kfaraabida is one of the many cases of privatization of coastal public property. 170 Km of the country's 220 Km shoreline is currently privately owned.


The village of Kfaraabida, 2 Km south of Batroun, is renowned for having one of the last unspoiled stretches of beaches along the Lebanese coast. But, as is the case with many of the country’s few public beaches (Ramlet el Bayda, Aadloun), it has been subject to plans for privatization and development proposals since 2007. In fact, it is estimated that 170 km of Lebanon’s 220 km coastline has been turned into private property.

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Basic Data
NameKfaraabida Beach Privatization, Lebanon
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project consists of a resort being built on the rocky shores of Kfaraabida. It includes chalets, bungalows, restaurants, sporting facilities, entertainment halls as well as a yacht marina.
Project Area (in hectares)20
Level of Investment (in USD)100,000,000.00
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date19/06/2015
Company Names or State EnterprisesSociete de developpement des cotes libanaises S.A.L (SODEC) from Lebanon - Renting the land from the Government and responsible for the development of the project
Relevant government actorsKfaraabida Municipality

Ministry of Public Works and Transportation

Ministry of Environment
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNahnoo: https://www.facebook.com/nahnoo.org/

Save Kfaraabida Pressure Group: https://www.facebook.com/pg/savekfaraabida/about/?ref=page_internal
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Project temporarily suspended
Development of Alternatives- Their total refusal of land reclamation and privatization of public coastal areas

- Transform the beach into a natural reserve as per the National Masterplan

- Cancel the decree that was pending cabinet approval for the start of the project

- Pleading to MPs and other representatives of the region to stand on their side
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.It is not clear whether the project was completely stopped or temporarily halted.
Sources and Materials

2014 government receipt, showing the annual rent for Kfar Abida as LBP 51,078,000
[click to view]

2005 lease documents for Kfar Abida, registered to SODEC
[click to view]

Boutros (Minister of Telecommunications and MP of the region) and Zaeter (Minister of Public Works and Transportation) both sign off on plans to develop Kfar Abida
[click to view]


[1] - National News Outlet LBC Report on Kfaraabida
[click to view]

[5] - Newsroom Nomad: "Development threatens Kfarabida coast: A national and natural treasure"
[click to view]

DailyStar Lebanon: Town split over major coastal development
[click to view]

[2] - Al-Araby: "Corruption on the coast: Lebanon for sale"
[click to view]

[3] - Global Voices: Beirut begins destroying the city's last public beach

Mainly talking about Lebanon's coastal zoning laws
[click to view]

Media Links

[6] - LBC: Archeologists from AUB uncover site in Kfaraabida
[click to view]

[7] - GreenArea: Activists' demands
[click to view]

[4] - Save Kfaraabida Campaign
[click to view]

Other Documents

#SaveKfaraabida Call to Protest from Save Kfaraabida pressure group

[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorChristophe Maroun - ICTA
Last update11/05/2017