En Français ci-dessous ---------- Phosphates mining in Petite Mine (in Lam-Lam deposit) affects the local populations’ ”livelihoods, incomes and food security” while they neither enjoy direct financial benefits since the exploiting company Sephos S.A. is exonerated from paying taxes. At least 49 villages are directly affected by the Petite Mine exploitation. Located nearby to the Niayes, the area’s traditional sources of livelihoods are arboriculture and vegetables growing. Women were the first in the village of Koudiadiène to express their concerns as their kids were coming back from school covered in dust. Their vegetables gardens were also being covered by the same dust. The Pan African Institute for research, training and action for Citizenship, Consumer and Development (CICODEV) gathered the testimony of various women from the village, whose vegetable gardening yields have considerably diminished. Overall, CICODEV investigation in Koudiadiène reported widespread dust pollution, lack of water, vegetation loss, grazing lands’ disappearance, increasing respiratory health issues, and the diminishing of vegetables’ and fruits’ cultivation productivity along the years. The dust impacts on the rôniers trees, an African specie of palm tree, is alarming for the local populations because of its high economic and social values in the Serere culture. Rôniers’ branches, leaves, roots and sap have multiple uses. The tea specie Kinkeliba is also endangered and under the risk of disappearing in the zone. Sources of tension and disappointement for the villagers are numerous, such as the lack of employment in the mine for the local youth and the low amounts of compensation for the trees’ loss. Sephos S.A. pays twenty-two (22) Euros for the loss of a rônier, when the compansation actually happens (which has not always been the case). The jobs for the locals are precarious, very low paid (4.6 Euros a day) and too scarce for the youth whose unemployment rate is high. None of the young people from Koudiadiene and Thiafathie villages are employed in the mine and the issue raises tension with other villages since the young people from Lam-Lam and Baliga are working for the company. In May 2017, CICODEV, together with Africa Europe Faith and Justice Network (AEFJN) and Red de Entidades para el Desarrollo Solidario (REDES) organized meetings in Koudiadiène with the local leaders and with Sephos’ managers. Thanks to the involvement of these actors from the civil society, leaders from the village met with the company’s representatives. The latter committed to provide with agricultural training for young people, some medicines to the dispensary of Koudiadiène and to make available an ambulance for the population. The redaction and communication by Sephos S.A. on a restorative plan remains vague (the depletion of the deposit is expected to happen by the end of 2017).