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Klabin plantations, Brazil


Klabin is one of the oldest tree plantation and paper producing companies of Brazil, starting their activities in Paraná and now active in 8 Brazilian states and in Argentine. In Paraná, peasant populations and rural workers started in 2011, in collaboration with a Federal Education Institute, to survey the problems and conflicts around industrial tree plantations expansion in the region, especially in the Imbaú municipality (40% of municipality occupied by eucalyptus and pine plantations providing the mills of Klabin), also in relation to Klabin´s expansion plans. In 2011 a commission of affected people started to meet and organize a survey of impacts of the tree plantations in the municpality of Imbaú. In 2013 a big seminar was organized in Imbaú to present the results. The result was a social map of the impacts, including rural exodus and confinement of the communities, cultural impacts, water shortage and impacts on food sovereignty, impoverishment of soil and biodiversity. A 'regional commission of affected people by the green desert' was formed that tries to influence the local authorities to restrict the expansion of Klabin and repair the impacts.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Klabin plantations, Brazil
State or province:Paraná
Location of conflict:Imbaú and Telêmaco Borba
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Cellulose
Paper And Cardboard
Project Details and Actors
Project details

million tons of pulp and 1.9 million tons of paper; the expansion project in Paraná is a new pulp mill in the municipality of Ortigueira which means more plantations in the nearby Imbaú municipality and other municipalities in the region, putting more pressure on the peasant populations

Project area:456000
Level of Investment:1,281,000,000: About R$ 3 billion
Type of populationRural
Affected Population::hundreds of peasant families
Start of the conflict:2011
Company names or state enterprises:Klabin from Brazil
International and Finance InstitutionsBanco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES) from Brazil
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Several NGOs in Paraná, regional commission of affected by the green desert, other green desert network groups in Brazil and internationally WRM
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:At the end of the seminar organized by the commission of the affected people, a law proposal was presented to the town council to restrict and organize the location and expansion of plantations in the municipality.
Development of alternatives:To guarantee space for peasant communities and food production in the tree plantation areas
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:First reaction against plantation project that exists for decades; no concrete result yet
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

see news on seminar from 2013 in and
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Winnie Overbeek
Last update18/08/2019
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