Krabi coal-fired power station project, Thailand

Alternatives to coal are plenty; opponents to the Krabi plant made it clear they don't want more coal facilities but a greener and just economy based on sustainable tourism and clean energy


The town of Krabi is one of Thailand's most famous tourist destinations and also a centre of marine biodiversity in the region, providing livelihoods and revenue for local residents. The Krabi province is home to thousands of people who depend on fishing and tourism.

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Basic Data
Name Krabi coal-fired power station project, Thailand
Province Krabi Province, Krabi District
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Ports and airport projects
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Krabi power station project proposed the construction of a 800 -870 MW coal-fired power station in Krabi, Thailand. Aside from the coal plant, a coal seaport would also be built in the Krabi Estuary. At least 2.3 million tonnes of coal would be imported every year to power the plant. Construction for the facility would begin in 2015 and the plant would start supplying electricity by 2019.
Project Area (in hectares)500
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Populationaround 2,000
Start Date01/02/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesElectricity Generating Authority of Thailand International Co. Ltd (EGAT) from Thailand
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Energy of Thailand

Ministry of Tourism and Sports of Thailand
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGreenpeace Thailand:

Krabi Fisherfolks Network

Public Health Volunteer of Krabi

Thailand Coal Network
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Recreational users
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Otherrespiratory problems and cancer
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseRepression
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesGreenpeace Thailand has proposed its projects for Krabi in a 2014 report. As an alternative to the coal-fired power plant, they say Krabi can be a 100% renewable energy province and propose a decentralized hybrid renewable energy system. Economically, Greenpeace has highlighted the large income from tourism (also eco-tourism) in Krabi that could suffer from the plant.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.For now (mid-2017) it seems like the plant will not be constructed thanks to opposition from local residents and a big campaign.
Sources and Materials

National Health Act, Thailand, B.E. 2550 (A.D. 2007)
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Greenpeace (2014), Krabi at the Crossroads, Dirty Coal VS. Clean Renewable Energy, Greenpeace Southeast Asia Report, published in 2014,
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Krabi Power Plant, Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT)
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Greenpeace goes over the edge to protest Krabi coal plant, by Kritsada Mueanhawong, Phuket Gazette, 25 March 2013
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Thailand's Power Demand Growth and the Potential of Coal Import, by Thanawat Nakawiro, EGAT, PowerPoint presentation, 2014,
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Fights at hearings over coal plans, by Pongphon Sarnsamak, The Nation, 10 March 2014
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In Picturesque Thailand, Coal Plant Draws Protests, by Steve Sandford, Voice of America, 11 April 2014
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Kobkarn urged to halt Krabi coal plant, by Paritta Wangkiat, The Bangkok Post, 20 January 2015
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[1] Anti-coal power plant protest leaders detained by Thailand army
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Media Links

VIDEO: In Picturesque Thailand, Coal Plant Draws Protests, by Steve Sandford, Voice of America, 11 April 2014,
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[2] Krabi power station. This article is part of the Coal Issues portal on SourceWatch, a project of CoalSwarm and the Center for Media and Democracy.
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Other Documents

March against the plant Source: Greenpeace, at
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Meta Information
Last update23/09/2017