Kundil Sponge Iron Limited, Londa, India

Description

A Sponge iron factory by Kundil Sponge Iron Limited had been started on in-principle clearance from the Karnataka Udyog Mitra in 2005. The groups proposal to set up sponge-iron and ferro alloy units and power plants at Londa was among the 23 projects cleared by the State-level single window agency and approved by the Karnataka Udyog Mitra and the Directorate of Industries and Commerce [1].

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Basic Data
NameKundil Sponge Iron Limited, Londa, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceKarnataka
SiteVillage -Londa in, Taluk - Khanapur
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral processing
Metal refineries
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesDirect reduced iron or "sponge iron"
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe plant had production capacity of 60,000 tonnes per annum. The cost of the project is less than Rs. 50 crores Indian Rupees
Level of Investment (in USD)7,994,876.89
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesKundil Sponge Iron Ltd from India
Relevant government actorsKarnataka State Pollution Control Board , Karnataka Udyog Mitra
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersParyavarni (a Belgaum-based non-governmental organisation), 'Save Sahayadri Group' (SSG)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Save Sahayadri Group' (SSG)
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Strikes
Threats to use arms
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseInstitutional changes
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesVillagers alleged that the factory has been violating the norms set by the Pollution Control Board ever since its inception. The black ash being emanated by the factory is affecting the cattle besides polluting air, water and the forests in the Western Ghats. The villagers have resolved not to allow the factory employee to work there [5].
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The Sub-Divisional Magistrate and Assistant Commissioner issued an order for closure of Kundil Sponge Iron Limited (KSIL) [7].
Sources and Materials
Legislations

THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981
[click to view]

THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 1986
[click to view]

References

Sponge Iron Industry
[click to view]

Shifting pains
[click to view]

Assessment of heavy metal accumulation in macrophyte, agricultural soil, and crop plants adjacent to discharge zone of sponge iron factory
[click to view]

B V R Raja & N Pal
[click to view]

Leah Temper and Joan Martinez-Alier
[click to view]

Is India Too Poor to Be Green?

Indian Sponge Iron Industry-Status, Potential & Prospects

Media Links

Loha Garam Hai Part 1 (in Hindi) narrating spong iron plant pollution in India
[click to view]

[click to view]

Loha Garam Hai Part 2 (in Hindi)

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014
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