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Kundil Sponge Iron Limited, Londa, India


A Sponge iron factory by Kundil Sponge Iron Limited had been started on in-principle clearance from the Karnataka Udyog Mitra in 2005. The groups proposal to set up sponge-iron and ferro alloy units and power plants at Londa was among the 23 projects cleared by the State-level single window agency and approved by the Karnataka Udyog Mitra and the Directorate of Industries and Commerce [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Kundil Sponge Iron Limited, Londa, India
State or province:Karnataka
Location of conflict:Village -Londa in, Taluk - Khanapur
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Mineral processing
Metal refineries
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Direct reduced iron or "sponge iron"
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The plant had production capacity of 60,000 tonnes per annum. The cost of the project is less than Rs. 50 crores Indian Rupees

Level of Investment:7,994,876.89
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2005
Company names or state enterprises:Kundil Sponge Iron Ltd from India
Relevant government actors:Karnataka State Pollution Control Board , Karnataka Udyog Mitra
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Paryavarni (a Belgaum-based non-governmental organisation), 'Save Sahayadri Group' (SSG)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Save Sahayadri Group' (SSG)
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Threats to use arms
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Institutional changes
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Development of alternatives:Villagers alleged that the factory has been violating the norms set by the Pollution Control Board ever since its inception. The black ash being emanated by the factory is affecting the cattle besides polluting air, water and the forests in the Western Ghats. The villagers have resolved not to allow the factory employee to work there [5].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The Sub-Divisional Magistrate and Assistant Commissioner issued an order for closure of Kundil Sponge Iron Limited (KSIL) [7].
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

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References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Sponge Iron Industry
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Shifting pains
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B V R Raja & N Pal
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Leah Temper and Joan Martinez-Alier
[click to view]

Is India Too Poor to Be Green?

Indian Sponge Iron Industry-Status, Potential & Prospects

Assessment of heavy metal accumulation in macrophyte, agricultural soil, and crop plants adjacent to discharge zone of sponge iron factory
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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Loha Garam Hai Part 2 (in Hindi)

Loha Garam Hai Part 1 (in Hindi) narrating spong iron plant pollution in India
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014
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