Kurram Tangi Dam, Pakistan

Presented as development aid for the agricultural sector and for electricity generation, the dam is being completed with USAID and Italian government cooperation funds. Tribal communities denounce irreversible impacts on their culture and territory


The Kurram Tangi Dam Project (KTDP) is a multipurpose water development initiative located across Kurram and Kaitu Weir river in North Waziristan district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). The project is located across Kurram river in North Waziristan Agency, about 14 KMs upstream of Kurram Garhi Head works and 32KMs North of Bannu City in previously Federally Administrated Tribal Area (Fata).

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Basic Data
NameKurram Tangi Dam, Pakistan
Provincekhyber Pakhtunkhwa
SiteNorth Waziristan
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAccording the documents the Kurrum Tangi Dam Project (KTDP) is multipurpose water development projects located across Kurram and Kaitu Weir river in North Waziristan district of KP.

Kurrum Tangi dam project (KTDP) is divided in two phases which include Phase-I Kaitu Weir hydro power project, and Phase-II Kurrum Tangi dam project (KTDP).

Work on Kaitu Weir project has been started in 2016 and the project will have a height of 18 ft and Feeder Tunnel Discharge Capacity will be 633.4 cusecs.

The project is scheduled to be completed by April 2019 and on completion the project will generate 18.9 Megawatt of electricity and will irrigate around 16380 acres of land.

Kaitu Weir has further been divided into two components which includes Kaitu Weir hydro project, development of affiliated structure and development of command area the project.

The first component is being executed by Wapda while the second one by FATA Secretariat. American aid agency USAID is funding the main portion of the Kaitu Weir Hydro project while Italian government is funding development of command area of the project [1,2].

The total cost of the project is $104.18 billion which will be shared by local Annual development plan (ADP) of $ 2.09 million and 31.42$ billion by the Italian government.

The phase-II of the KTDP will start later which includes the dam height of 322 ft and it has the gross storage capacity of 1.20 MAF while it will generate 83.4 MW (350 GWh) electricity. The total command Area of the project is 84,380 acres which will be irrigated through Sheratalla Canal 12,300 acres, Spaira Ragha Canal 4,080 acres and Thal Canal 68,000 acres.
Project Area (in hectares)6070.2846
Level of Investment (in USD)104,180,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population500,000
Start Date05/09/1936
Company Names or State EnterprisesFrontier Works Organisation (FWO) from Pakistan
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Pakistan

Government of Italy [1]
International and Financial InstitutionsUnited States Agency for International Development (USAID) (USAID) from United States of America
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Kabalkhel tribe
Forms of MobilizationLand occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Threats to use arms
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Development of AlternativesNegotiation going on with community elders.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials

[1] Government of Italy. Attività della Cooperazione Italiana (see pag.380 on the Kurram Tangi Dam)
[click to view]

[2] Internazionalia. #Pakistan. Una rapida marcia verso progresso e industrializzazione
[click to view]


Land acquisition talks fail: Tribesmen warn of resisting Kurram Tangi Dam Phase II construction
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‘Kurram Tangi Dam not acceptable come what may’
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Work on Kurram Tangi Dam in full swing
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Frontier Works Organization
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The International News - Kurram Tangi Dam construction ‘inevitable’

Syed Bukhar Shah

April 4, 2019
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Tribal News Network - North Waziristan youths protest against construction of Kurram-Tangi Dam
[click to view]

[3] Dawn - MNA Ali Wazir booked for raising anti-state slogans

The Newspaper's CorrespondentUpdated May 07, 2019
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Media Links

Protest against Kurram Tangi dam
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Other Documents

Source: https://www.tnn.com.pk/north-waziristan-youths-protest-against-construction-of-kurram-tangi-dam/
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorHassan Turi
Last update13/05/2019