The Kwale-Okpai CDM project in Ndokwa land, Delta State, is one of the two UNFCCC registered projects in Nigeria; they focus on the recovery and utilisation of associated gas that would otherwise be flared. Associated gas is derived from the process of oil extraction. Despite bans on flaring, oil companies like Shell Oil have continued this practice for decades, causing great damage to the environment and surrounding communities. So far two companies have secured CDM status for agreeing to utilize the associated gas rather than flare it. They argue that the project will contribute to poverty alleviation by providing reliable power supply, reducing emissions, creating employment, transferring technology and fostering sustainable development. However, environmental justice activists object to the issuing of CDM credits to such projects, arguing that companies are being rewarded for reducing what is an already illegal practice. Gas flaring was outlawed in 1984 through legislation, and subsequently amended through the Gas Flaring Prohibition and Punishment Bill (2009). Furthermore, local communities have not benefited from the project.