Lafarge cement Trbovlje, Slovenia

In 2017 farmer Uroš Macerl founder of the environmental group Eco krog got a Goldman Prize for managing to close down a cement factory from Lafargue to save his community.


Air pollution is one of the most pressing issues in Zasavje. In the past they saved part of the problem with a very high chimney for the local coal power plant, but they are facing new ones. The biggest problem they are facing in recent years are uncontrolled exhausts caused by incineration of waste for production purposes of a local cement factory Lafarge Cement in Trbovlje. Management of the company argues that they operate within normal range of emited emissions, but locals think otherwise. They also formed a NGO – association called Eko krog to have a legal entity for their strugle. This year 2014 Eko krog won in court, which was followed by act of National Agency for Environment, who repealed the environmental permit for the incineration of waste.  In the farmer Uroš Macerl who had led the successful struggle to close this cement factory got a Goldman Prize.

Basic Data
NameLafarge cement Trbovlje, Slovenia
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific Commodities
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesLafarge Cementos from France
Relevant government actorsSlovenian Environment Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEko krog - Association for nature protection and environmental protection
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Soil contamination
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Violations of human rights
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The cement producer Lafarge Cement is currently withouth the environmental permit (courts decission) for burning hazardous waste.
Sources and Materials

legislation about EIA and environmental permits


Ekokrog (Slovenian)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Goldman Prize 2017
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLidja Zivcic
Last update24/04/2017