Landfill Site at Maidan Garhi, New Delhi, India


New Delhi, the capital city of India, has major shortage of municipal waste disposal facilities. The Delhi High Court intervened and instructed South Delhi Municipal Corporation to acquire new landfill sites in 2014 [1]. The high court, concerned by the pollution caused by the existing landfill sites, in its hearings pushed different municipal agencies to coordinate and find other sites [2]. In May 2014, Delhi Development Authority-DDA has released a list of seven new sites in the areas like Dwarka, Maidangarhi and Rohini [1].

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Basic Data
NameLandfill Site at Maidan Garhi, New Delhi, India
SiteMaidan Garhi, New Delhi
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesLand
Industrial waste
Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsPresently Delhi produces about 9,000 metric tons of waste every day. It is estimated that in the next seven years the city will produce about 18,000 metric tons of waste per day.

The sites were approved by the DDA in its 7th Technical Committee Meeting held in May 2014. The requirement of the change of land use of these sites was cleared by the Technical Committee in its meeting 21st May 2014. The sites were identified after undertaking joint inspections by concerned officials [1].

Out of these seven sites, five sites will be given to South Delhi Municipal Corporation, one to Delhi Metro Rail Corporation and other two to North Delhi Municipal Corporation.

The areas were allocated as follows 12 acres at Dwarka, two sites of 8 acres in J zone Maidangarhi near IGNOU. The other two sites totaling 6.5 acres are at Rohini will be given to NMC and DMRC [6].
Project Area (in hectares)3.23749
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population1,000,000
Start Date2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesDelhi Development Authority (DDA) from India - Land owner
South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) from India
North Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC) from India
The Municipal Corporation Of Delhi (MCD) from India - Executing agency
Relevant government actorsDelhi Government

Delhi High Court
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersDelhi Pradesh Congress Committee

Local residents
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationPublic campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherHealth issues related to polluted water and soil.
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The already established three landfill sites (about 164 acre) are inadequate. The existing ones at Ghazipur, Okhla and Bhalaswa are already overflowing with garbage. In spite of this, different municipal agencies are using the existing landfills even after the Delhi Pollution Control Committee banned dumping of garbage there. Presently with its full capacity Delhi requires about four times of this area (about 650 acres). Hence, the city is in urgent need of few alternative landfill sites. [4].

Looking at this acute shortage of space, the Delhi High Court asked Delhi Development Authority (DDA) to hand over four alternate sites. Four such sites are identified in Dwarka and Maidangarhi. However, the Maidangarhi sites provided by the DDA are found to be the forest land [2]. The authorities have yet establish alternative landfill site despite strictures from courts [4].
Sources and Materials

Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1999
[click to view]


[1] DDA Releases Seven Sites For Solid Waste Management Facility
[click to view]

[4] Congress to protest proposal to establish landfill site at Maidan Garhi village
[click to view]

[5] Maidan Garhi residents to launch stir against landfill site
[click to view]

[2] Question mark over two landfill sites, search continues
[click to view]

[3] Congress to protest landfill near Ignou
[click to view]

[6] Minutes of 7th Technical committee Meeting dated 21.5.2014
[click to view]

Other Documents

Maidan Garhi landfill in Delhi Source:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update10/10/2014