Ghogha is a Census Town city in district of Bhavnagar, Gujarat consisting 46 villages, with a population of 12,208 according to the census data of 2011. In 1993-94, the Gujarat government acquired 3,377 acres from 12 villages, consisting of farm land, grazing land, and wasteland, with the purpose of constructing a thermal power plant, a residential colony, an area for ash dumping and mining lignite (1). The consent award was passed between 1997 and 2001 and compensations were paid to farmers at the rates of Rs 48,000 per hectare for non-irrigated land and Rs 72,000 per hectare for irrigated land; the 30-year land lease conditions stipulated that Gujarat Thermal Power Corporation (GPCL) would set up a power plant in two years and start using the land. The mining lease was executed in 2005, and Bhavnagar Thermal Power Plant (BTPP) was commissioned near village Padva in 2017. (2). However, the farmers claim that the plant was to be commissioned by 2000, yet the attempts to take physical possession of the land started more than two decades later. In December 2017, 93 farmers from Badi village near Ghogha town sought a declaration from the Gujarat High court that the land acquisition proceedings initiated more than two decades ago, with compensation paid thereafter should be considered to have lapsed, according to section 24(2) of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (2). According to The Wire, this was after they had collectively decided to fight against this land acquisition though legal means as well as protests. According to Vasudevsinh Gohil, a resident of Badi village, ´ On December 20 last year (2017), the collector of Bhavnagar, contractors and officials representing GPCL, and about 100 police personnel came to Badi to proceed with the physical possession of the land´ (3). Subsequently, on December 23, the villagers staged a massive protest, with about 5,000-7,000 villagers sitting on a dharna at Surkha village, along the road connecting the 12 villages. On the same day, the state administration promised a meeting between villagers and representatives of the GPCL, while asking villagers to not stage any protest in next 45 days. Meanwhile, the Bhavnagar police filed two FIRs against ten farmers in Gogha police station and Vartej police station, accusing them of inciting villagers for their benefit and creating an obstacle in police work. Of the ten farmers, three farmers were named in both FIRs. One day before the case was to be heard in the court, on February 15, 2018, villagers claim that about 1,200 police personnel swarmed into the 12 villages. Roads between the villages were blocked. Reportedly, there was one deputy superintendent of police, ten inspectors, 15 sub-inspectors, 70 policewomen and 15 personnel from the mounted police division present. According to the villagers, the police and collector had been threatening the farmers to not protest (3). However, the villagers had been protesting despite the threats and fears. On April 1, about 100 heavily armed police personnel marched into a nondescript village, Badi in Ghogha taluka of Gujarat’s Bhavnagar district, and fired tear gas shells and lathi-charged locals, injuring about ten persons, including women, and detained more than 50 (4). All of this was to disperse about 11,000 farmers who were sitting in protest to try and keep their land, which is to be taken over by GPCL; to add to that, from April 1 this year, the Bhavnagar police has declared a state of emergency in the 12 villages opposing GPCL’s land acquisition, banning the assembly of four or more people at one place (1).