Last update:
2016-04-20

Large-scale Wind Farm in Sami reindeer land, Sweden

More than 1,000 turbines (4,000 MW) are being constructed in Sami herding lands. The UN and ONGs press the Swedish government and private financial institutions to respect Sami land and human rights.


Description:

In May 2008 the Swedish Company Svevind applied for a permit to build and operate the Markbygden Wind Farm. The project consist of more than 1,000 wind turbines, and an extensive road infrastructure to be deployed in the Arctic region of Piteå. This major industrial project is expected to achieve an installed capacity over 4,000 MW with total production of around 8-12 TWh per year, capable to supply electricity for about 400,000 households in Sweden. According to Svevind, the project is located in a region with “very good wind conditions” and “relatively small degree of conflicting interests” since the area is “sparsely populated”. However, the project covers a total of 450 Km2 of Sami reindeer herding areas.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Large-scale Wind Farm in Sami reindeer land, Sweden
Country:Sweden
State or province:Norrbotten, Piteå
Location of conflict:Kikkejaure village
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Windmills
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Number of wind turbines: 1101 wind turbines.

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Project area:45,000
Level of Investment:7,000,000,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:01/03/2010
Company names or state enterprises:Svevind from Sweden - Developer
Enercon from Germany
Relevant government actors:Swedish ministry of enterprise and energy
International and Finance InstitutionsKfW Bankengruppe (KfW ) from Germany - Investor
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Sami council
http://www.saamicouncil.net/
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Pastoralists
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Shareholder/financial activism.
Lack of proper consultation
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The construction of the project is ongoing while consultation processes remain unsatisfying for Sami people.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Anett Sasvari (2016), Green grabbing – modes of appropriation and knowledge production in the conflict between Sami herders and the wind power industry, Paper Presented at the ENTITLE Conference, Undisciplined Environments, Stockholm, March 2016.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Samis web page
[click to view]

Markbygden Project Webpage
[click to view]

Sami Council Web Page
[click to view]

The International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry, Sami Council Criticize German Bank Funding of Wind Power on Reindeer Pastures, April 19, 2010, Consulted April 15 2016
[click to view]

Tom Sullivan, Radio Sweden – News in English, Sámi opposition to giant wind farms, Published torsdag 25 november 2010 kl 08.35,
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

The Last Generation? – Sami Reindeer Herders in Swedish Lapland, Documentary, Filmed 2012 – 2013, http://www.storlopare.com/,
[click to view]

Other documents

Sami reindeer herder - National Geographic, Photograph by Erika Larsen http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/11/sami-reindeer-herders/benko-text
[click to view]

Reindeer in the road near the wind farm. Photo: Tom Sullivan / SR International http://sverigesradio.se/sida/artikel.aspx?programid=2054&artikel=4176996
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Sofia Avila-Calero
Last update20/04/2016
Comments
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