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Lead poisoning by Jiangsu Chunxing, Pizhou, China

A battery recycling enterprise in Pizhou, northern Jiangsu, was relocated after protests from local residents as more than 100 children were poisoned by excessive blood lead.


In 1984, the battery recycling enterprise Xuzhou Nonferrous Alloy Factory was established in Pizhou City, a county-level city of Jiangsu Province. Its main activity was to recycle lead-acid batteries. In addition to providing local jobs, the enterprise paid substantial taxes to the Pizhou government. In 1997, it was restructured into a limited liability company and renamed as Jiangsu Chunxing Alloy (Group) Co., Ltd. The recycling plant continued to expand, and in 2006, it built extensive new facilities near Xinsanhe Village. Besides the expansion-related land disputes, these facilities have generated large amounts of dust. The wastewater containing lead and other toxic heavy metal elements flowed into the river running past Xinsanhe and into the groundwater, contaminating the villagers’ crops. [1][2][3]

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Lead poisoning by Jiangsu Chunxing, Pizhou, China
State or province:Jiangsu province
Location of conflict:Xinsanhe village, Yunhe town, Pizhou city, Xuzhou
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Metal refineries
Manufacturing activities
Specific commodities:lead-acid batteries
Recycled Metals
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Jiangsu New Chunxing Resource Recycling Co., Ltd. is a company with over 40 years history of processing ULAB (Used Lead Acid Battery). The present ULAB treatment capacity is 1 million mt/year and secondary lead output capacity is 600,000mt/year. [2]

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Project area:10.28
Level of Investment:unknown
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:more than 100
Start of the conflict:20/05/2008
Company names or state enterprises:Jiangsu New Chunxing Resource Recycling Co., Ltd. (Jiangsu New Chunxing) from China - New company relocated and renamed from the polluting one
Jiangsu Chunxing Alloy (Group) Co., Ltd. (Jiangsu Chunxing) from China - polluter
Relevant government actors:-Pizhou City Government
-the Petition Bureau of Pizhou City
-the Petition Bureau of the State, PRC
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Property damage/arson
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Food insecurity (crop damage), Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other Health impacts
Potential: Occupational disease and accidents
Other Health impactsexcessive blood lead and lead poisoning
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession, Displacement, Loss of livelihood
Other socio-economic impactsIndirect displacement; outmigration because of fears over pollution and extra medical and education costs for the villagers.
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Project temporarily suspended
relocation of project
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The plant was relocated and the lead-poisoned children were treated, but there are still longer-term environmental and health impacts.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] Jiangsu Chunxing. (accessed on 2019-09-24)
[click to view]

[4]江苏邳州儿童铅中毒续:村民两次赴京治病遭殴打(accessed on 2019-06-20)
[click to view]

[5]邳州儿童铅中毒风波调查 企业是不是罪魁祸首(accessed on 2019-06-20)
[click to view]

[10]邳州41名儿童铅中毒 铅再生企业涉嫌排污
[click to view]

[2] Jiangsu Chunxing Co. Ltd. (accessed on 2019-09-24)
[click to view]

[3] 江苏春兴合金集团遭遇“污染门”(accessed on 2019-09-24)
[click to view]

[8] The industrial park that revolves around the circular economy (accessed on 2019-09-24)
[click to view]

[9] 邳州铅中毒患儿来院接受治疗(accessed on 2020-03-02)
[click to view]

[9]邳州41名儿童铅中毒 铅再生企业涉嫌排污
[click to view]

[11]“邳州儿童铅中毒”与春兴“污染门”事件真相(accessed on 2019-09-24)
[click to view]

[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[7]江苏邳州发生儿童铅中毒 国内最大铅再生企业移址(accessed on 2019-06-20)
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/NWAFU 2018 summer
Last update13/03/2020
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