Last update:
2015-02-12

Legal Recognition of Creole Seeds, Brazil

Farmers win recognition of peasant seeds but battle against "Terminator" and WTO still looms


Description:

As a result of decades of farmers’ struggle in Brazil for access to land and food sovereignty, a National Policy for Agroecology and Organic Production was adopted in 2012, explicitly recognising the role of peasants’ own ‘creole’ seeds. In addition, since 2003, a national Program for Food Acquisition has given Brazilian farmers an important avenue for developing their own seed systems. Although it is not legal to sell seeds in Brazil unless they are certified, through this program the government buys creole seeds directly from farmers and then provides them to other farmers at no cost, thereby foregoing the market.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Legal Recognition of Creole Seeds, Brazil
Country:Brazil
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
GMOs
Biopiracy and bio-prospection
Specific commodities:Seeds, beans and forage crops
Fruits and Vegetables
Corn/Maize
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2003
Company names or state enterprises:Monsanto Corporation (Monsanto Co) from United States of America
Relevant government actors:National Plan on Agroecology and Organic Production
International and Finance InstitutionsWorld Trade Organisation (WTO)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:La Via Campesina GRAIN AgriCultures Network
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:New legislation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:As a result of decades of farmers’ struggle in Brazil for access to land and food sovereignty, a National Policy for Agroecology and Organic Production was adopted in 2012, explicitly recognising the role of peasants’ own ‘creole’ seeds. As a result, some of the country’s largest peasant organisations have been able to develop their own seed systems.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Ley 9456; Reglamento Ley 9456

National Plan on Agroecology and Organic Production

Ley 9456; Reglamento Ley 9456
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

La Via Campesina:

Our Seeds, Our Future
[click to view]

Other documents

Farming Source: http://www.waronwant.org/component/content/article/16781
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:EJOLT Team
Last update12/02/2015
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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