|Project Details||According to the report released by CAT , the Lenya National Park proposed in 2002 covers an area of 436,480 acres (ca. 177,000 ha). The extension proposed in 2004 covers an additional 265,600 acres (ca. 107,000 ha). Altogether, the proposed Lenya National Park would cover 702,080 acres (ca. 284,000 ha) [1, see also 5]. Currently, the plans have not been further developed and the governmental protection level is only partial (for example tree logging and large plantation concessions were granted by the government in the area) . The Lenya National Park is classified by IUCN as a category II park . |
The aim is to establish large parts of the Lenya forest areas as Protected Area (PA), which are exclusionary zones, designated under the 1994 Protection of Wildlife and Conservation of Natural Areas Law. According to the law, local communities have no access rights to protected areas. While some buffer zones are foreseen in the plans that would allow for some subsistence resource uses, they are rarely implemented in practice, states the report, and often remain ambiguous. People caught conducting traditional subsistence activities within protected areas would have to face fines or are arrested [see 1].
Currently there is only one protected area in Tanintharyi region, the Tanintharyi Nature Reserve (170,000 ha). Adding the Lenya National Park and the Tanintharyi National Park would cover an additional area of 1,3 million acres (ca. 526,000 ha) . Further plans for a “Tanintharyi Nature Corridor connecting these areas would occupy a total of 2.5 million acres, constituting almost a quarter of all land in Tanintharyi region” .
Clear funding sources and investment size is unknown. According to a leaflet by Flora & Fauna International (FFI) and IUCN, 1-15 million EUR were provided by IUCN to “secure the Tanintharyi-Lenya-Forest Corridor for tiger numbers to recover and grow” . The proposed Lenya National Park and the extension zone are part of this wildlife corridor .
|Project Area (in hectares)||284,000 ha (Lenya National Park plus extension zone|
|Level of Investment (in USD)||unknown|
|Type of Population||Rural|
|Potential Affected Population||at least 2,470 people directly affected|
|Relevant government actors||Nature, Wildlife and Conservation Division (NWCD), which is a division of the Forest department. The forest department is part of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC)|
|International and Financial Institutions||International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN )|
Flora & Fauna International (FFI) (FFI) from United Kingdom - Project leader
|Environmental justice organisations and other supporters||Conservation Alliance of Tanawthari (CAT), an alliance of seven civil society groups: Tenasserim River & Indigenous People Networks (TRIP NET)|
Community Sustainable Livelihood and Development (CSLD)
Tarkapaw Youth Group (TKP)
Candle Light (CL)
Southern Youth (SY)
Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
Tanintharyi Friends (TF)