LGV Bordeaux - Spain. Northern Basque Country, France


LGV Bordeaux - Spain is a proposed high-speed line linking Bordeaux to Dax, with the aim of strengthening the Madrid Spain bound line from Paris France. The project is set up as a necessity due to the truck haulage that doubles every seven years on the Spain-Bayonne-Bordeaux highway (~10%/-year). It is projected as a link between the LGV Sud Europe Atlantique north and the Basque Y (Vitoria-Gasteiz-Bilbao/Saint-Sébastien link) to the south. It would be designed as a mixed TGV line/freight.

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Basic Data
NameLGV Bordeaux - Spain. Northern Basque Country, France
SiteHendaye, Bayonne
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesTransportation Services
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsRoute not decided yet. Estimations of new railways between 950 and 2000 km.

Electrification: 25 kV - 50 Hz Rail width: 1.435 (normal)
Level of Investment (in USD)27,012,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesFrench Rail Network (RFF) from France - public Company
Relevant government actorsFrench Government.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCollectif des Associations pour la Défense de lEnvironnement (CADE).
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Genetic contamination, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDistraction manoeuvre: prioritising another high speed railway project.
Development of AlternativesSuggested proposals:

- Reopen the closed railway of Canfranc.

- Increase boat transport of good considering the facilities in Bilbao, St. Nazare and Dunkirk.

- Try to concentrate production processes in one area.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Currently, there is no clear outcome. However, the delay in the project could be interpreted as a small first success even if the reason behind could be mainly the lack of funds.
Sources and Materials

Recarte, P. and F. Tellier. Les rails de la déraison. La très grande vitesse en Aquitaine et ailleurs.Nuvis Éditions, 2011.

Charter of Hendaye. Joint declaration made by several EJOs opposing high speed railway projects over Europe.


CADE website against LGV (in French):
[click to view]

Bizi (local EJO) website:
[click to view]

The project in Wikipedia:
[click to view]

Media Links

Recent post about the LGV (Lignes à Grande Vitesse) line with two videos:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAlfred Burballa Noria
Last update24/06/2014