In 2007, Lloyd Steel—a Mumbai based Private company, received clearances to begin iron ore mining operations in Surajgarh hills of Gadchiroli—a predominantly tribal (adivasi) district with large reserves of high grade iron ore. Of the estimated 270 MT of iron ore in the state of Maharashtra, Gadchiroli has about 180 MT (Routary, 2016). However, the project has been stalled multiple times since being granted approval primarily owing to two reasons a) the protests by local villagers, and b) strong Naxalite (a banned organization, and an armed group) presence in the area. The region has been heavily militarized, with the presence of a large number of paramilitary troops for ‘industrial security’. In 2013, in a highly publicized event, the Naxalites in the region shot dead the Vice-President, and two other employees of the Llyod group (TIE, 2013; The Telegraph, 2013). Following the logjam, Devendra Fadnavis, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, in August of 2015, requested the home minister to increase the presence of paramilitary troops in the region to help facilitate the process of continuing mining operations (DNA, 2015). In a press conference, Fadnavis states that, "Gadchiroli is mineral rich and along with mining we also want to push for setting up of industries to process the minerals. For that, we discussed as to how much additional security is required…We also want to impart skill training to local tribal youth to include them in this development process and along-side a strong road network should also be in place.” In February of 2016, a protest organized by the local tribals against illegal felling of trees for the purpose of construction of a road, resulted in halting construction briefly (Goyal , 2016). Extraction finally began in March of 2016, but were shut down within days, owing to opposition lead by members of political parties (TOI, 2016). On its first day of operation, the mine employed to 300 people as laborers, but soon a much larger number of people flocked to the mine demanding employment—which has been the key benefit promised to local people in return for ceasing their opposition of the operations (TOI, 2016).