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Loc Valley Cide hydroelectric power plant, Turkey


Cide HEPP is a power plant planned to generate electricity over the river Devrekni, Cide in Kastamonu Province. Orya Energy company started the project by purchasing lands in the valley while the majority of the local people are against the plant. A motion for stay of execution was adopted and the project was cancelled. The company pressed a charge against the cancellation decision and the judicial process continues. The project restricts access to the water preventing villagers from using Devekani stream water.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Loc Valley Cide hydroelectric power plant, Turkey
State or province:Kastamonu
Location of conflict:Cide
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Water access rights and entitlements
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Different Tree Species
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The installed capacity of the power plant is 21 509 MW and the annual production of 69 million 511 thousand kWh. The Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA) gave the company the production license No. 1923-2/1368, on 31.12.2008 The necessary permits has been established for 49 years to the company by Ministry of Environment and Forestry.

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Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:1,000-5,000
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Orya Energy from Turkey
Umran Steel Pipe from Turkey
Relevant government actors:EPDK- Energy Market Regulatory Authority, DS- General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Loc Valley Protection Platform, Loc Region Association, Black Sea Uprising Platform, We will not Hand over Anatolia platform.
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactsIncome loss
Difficulties in water access
Damage to cultural heritage
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The project was stopped by the court decision. In this process, people were organized both in Loc Valley and in Istanbul. In this respect the process served to environmental justice both in legal and social levels. Local people of Loc Valley and substantial numbers of people across Turkey reached a consensus about the protection of ecological and traditional life of Loc Valley.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Images on the Sea (Documentary)

Upstream (Documentary)

Streams and Riots (Book by Mahmut Hamsici, 2010)

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Loc Valley Resistance Movement Website:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Umut Kocagoz
Last update08/04/2014
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