Loc Valley Cide hydroelectric power plant, Turkey


Cide HEPP is a power plant planned to generate electricity over the river Devrekni, Cide in Kastamonu Province. Orya Energy company started the project by purchasing lands in the valley while the majority of the local people are against the plant. A motion for stay of execution was adopted and the project was cancelled. The company pressed a charge against the cancellation decision and the judicial process continues. The project restricts access to the water preventing villagers from using Devekani stream water.

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Basic Data
NameLoc Valley Cide hydroelectric power plant, Turkey
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesWater
Different Tree Species
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe installed capacity of the power plant is 21 509 MW and the annual production of 69 million 511 thousand kWh. The Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA) gave the company the production license No. 1923-2/1368, on 31.12.2008 The necessary permits has been established for 49 years to the company by Ministry of Environment and Forestry.

Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population1,000-5,000
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesOrya Energy from Turkey
Umran Steel Pipe from Turkey
Relevant government actorsEPDK- Energy Market Regulatory Authority, DS- General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLoc Valley Protection Platform, Loc Region Association, Black Sea Uprising Platform, We will not Hand over Anatolia platform.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherIncome loss

Difficulties in water access

Damage to cultural heritage
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The project was stopped by the court decision. In this process, people were organized both in Loc Valley and in Istanbul. In this respect the process served to environmental justice both in legal and social levels. Local people of Loc Valley and substantial numbers of people across Turkey reached a consensus about the protection of ecological and traditional life of Loc Valley.
Sources and Materials

Images on the Sea (Documentary)

Upstream (Documentary)

Streams and Riots (Book by Mahmut Hamsici, 2010)


Loc Valley Resistance Movement Website:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorUmut Kocagoz
Last update08/04/2014