Loharinag Pala hydel power project, India


Loharinag Pala Hydro Power Project is a run-of-the-river hydroelectricity generating project planned by the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) Ltd to have an output capacity of 600 MW.

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Basic Data
NameLoharinag Pala hydel power project, India
SitePala Villag, Block Bhatwari and District Uttarkashi.
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe 600 MW dam (150 MW x 4 Units), being constructed by the NTPC Limited on the Bhagirathi near Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand.

The barrage site is next to NH 108 at Loharinag Temple. The Project has a mountainous catchment area of 3,316 square kilometres (1,280 sq mi), of which 1,849 square kilometres (714 sq mi) (56%) is covered in snow or glacier.

Project Area (in hectares)330
Level of Investment (in USD)407275000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesNational Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Uttarakhand, District Forest Officer Uttarakashi
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters'Save Ganga', Peoples Science Institute, Matu Jan Sangathan, GD AGGARWAL, Environmentalist
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Social movements
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The 600 MW dam, being constructed by the NTPC Limited on the Bhagirathi near Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand, will be scrapped.

It has also been decided to declare the 135-km stretch between Gomukh and Uttarkashi as an eco-sensitive zone under the Environmental Protection Act and no development projects will be allowed in the zone.

Nevertheless, ejos are still mobilized in order to make sure that the project will never be relaunched by the government.
Sources and Materials

International Rivers report Mountains of Concrete
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Hydroelectric Power Stations in Indi: Loharinag Pala Hydro Power Project, Sidrapong Hydel Power Station, Hirakud Dam, Narmada Dam
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(1) Loharinag Pala hydel project to be scrapped
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(2) Activists to oppose Loharinag Pala hydel project
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Matu Jan Sangathan
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The Economic Times
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International Rivers
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Tehelka magazine
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Indian Water Portal

Media Links

Vimal Bhai speech, from Matu Jan Sangathan
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Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar patra
Last update08/04/2014