Despite the existence of a Native Customary Rights (NCR) of local communities which are recognized in the Constitution, successive governments in Sarawak have continuously limited their applicability. In 1958 a Land Code was approved after which any new native customary right needed a permit to be issued. Since 1981 the Land Code has been continuously modified to enable the promotion of large-scale plantation development. Yet, the increased restrictiveness of the Administration towards the NCR has been contested. The indigenous Dayak and other communities have protested and gone to court many times. The Malaysian court has again and again ruled in favour of the indigenous communities, demanding respect for the NCR of the Long Teran Kanan community.