Last update:
2014-04-08

Lumber companies threaten extractive communities of Lábrea, Brazil

Description:

Located 610 kilometers from Manaus, Labrea is a town with approximately 38,000 inhabitants and is situated in the so-called arc of deforestation (an area with the highest rates of deforestation of Brazil). Its territory is disputed by lumber companies, large soybean producers and ranchers. The municipality is crossed by highway BR-319. Because of this, the Federal Government has supported the creation of two extractive reserves in the municipality, within a mosaic of conservation units of more than nine million hectares, designed to minimize the environmental impacts of the expansion of the highway.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Lumber companies threaten extractive communities of Lábrea, Brazil
Country:Brazil
State or province:Amazonas
Location of conflict:Labrea
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Deforestation
Logging and non timber extraction
Specific commodities:Timber
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:776000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2001
Relevant government actors:Instituto Chico Mendes de Biodiversidade - ICMBIO, Instituto Nacional de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renovaveis - IBAMA, Ministerio do Meio Ambiente, Policia Federal, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Associacao APADRIT
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
extractive communities
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Extractive communities territory is still being affected by illegal logging.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

SISTEMA DE INFORMACOES AMBIENTAIS. Decreto que cria a Resex Ituxi (05/06/2008).

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Vitoria de comunidades extrativistas podera limitar alcance do Arco do Desmatamento. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 22 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

Decreto de la Presidencia de Brasil
[click to view]

INSTITUTO SOCIOAMBIENTAL. Manifestacao cobrara reservas extrativistas. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 15 dez. 2008.
[click to view]

Illegal-Logging Loggers threaten Brazil Amazon residents: Amnesty
[click to view]

SOUZA, Miqueias Santos. A reserva extrativista rio Ituxi Pede Socorro. Informes Preservida, 12 jun. 2011. Disponível em: Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

FARIAS, Elaize. Camponeses ameacados de morte no Amazonas perderao protecao da Força Nacional. A Critica, 22 dez. 2011. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

Insight Crime Brazil Activist Flees After Threats From Illegal Loggers
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ASSOCIACAO DOS PRODUTORES AGROEXTRATIVISTAS DA ASSEMBLEIA DE DEUS DO RIO ITUXI. Documento das comunidades da Reserva Extrativista rio Ituxi sobre a precaria situacao da saude no rio Ituxi. Labrea, 15 mai. 2012. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Diogo Rocha
Last update18/08/2019
Comments
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