Lungmen Nuclear Power Plant (“Nuke 4”) stopped, Taiwan

The 4th Nuclear Power Plant (2600 MW) is stalled since 2014 because of opposition before and after the Fukushima accident. Uranium fuel rods had been uploaded. What should be done with them?


Description

Nuclear power in Taiwan accounts for 5,000 MWe of capacity (3  plants with 6 reactors), i.e. around 8% of its national energy consumption, and 19% of its electricity generation as of 2015. A Fourth Plant was built near Taipei but is stalled since 2014.  There are plans to shut all nuclear reactors by 2025 (as in Germany and South Korea). [6].

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Basic Data
Name Lungmen Nuclear Power Plant (“Nuke 4”) stopped, Taiwan
CountryTaiwan
ProvinceTaiwan
Site Fulong Beach, Gongliao District, New Taipei City
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsA nuclar power plant with two General Electric BWR reactors, each of 1300 MWe. There was much opposition with street marches in Taipei, and a proposed 2014 national referendum to decide the fate of the power plant which gathered more than 120,000 signatures The project, practically finished,was stopped. In 2018, one main issue is what to do with the fueld rods already uploaded.

Construction work began in 1999 on the two 1350 MWe Advanced Boiling Water Reactors (ABWRs) at Lungmen - Taiwan's fourth nuclear power plant - with the first originally scheduled to enter commercial operation in 2006 and the second in 2007. However, the project was beset with political, legal and regulatory delays.

Taipower's initial plan had been to secure one main contractor for engineering, procurement and construction of the units, but this failed and instead it awarded separate contracts to GE for the nuclear reactors, Mitsubishi for the turbines and various other contractors for the remainder. In 2011 Taipower was criticised by the national regulator, the Atomic Energy Council, for its management of the difficult arrangement.[4]

Wikipedia states that "The temporary cancellation by the Government and other project management difficulties caused significant delays, pushing the price tag of the plant to more than US$7.5 billion in 2009. As of 2014, the total price tag was close to US$10 billion". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lungmen_Nuclear_Power_Plant

By the end of 2015 General Electric (GE) formally started arbitration action against Taiwan Power Company (Taipower) because the project had been stopped. The US company is seeking to resolve a payment dispute related to work carried out during construction of the Lungmen nuclear power plant.
Level of Investment (in USD)10,000,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date1999
Company Names or State EnterprisesTaiwan Power Compnay (Taipower) (Taipower) from Taiwan
General Electric US (GE) from United States of America
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Taiwan
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWISE

Democratic Progressive Party

Green Citizen’s Action Alliance
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
OtherNuclear radiation
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Other socio-economic impacts
OtherVery expensive useless investment in stalled nuclear plant
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseRepression
Strengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Opposition to the plant has achieved success in the sense that the plant is not working. However, much money has been spent, and there are many doubts on what to do with the uranium fuel rods which were already uploaded.
Sources and Materials
Links

(1) The Diplomat. Taiwan’s Nuclear Dilemma. Nuclear energy has long been a contentious issue for Taiwan, but there are few good alternatives. By Nicolas Freschi. March 14, 2018
[click to view]

[2] Taiwan News. German experts propose turning unused nuclear plant in Taiwan into a ‘theme park’. The fuel rods for the Fourth Nuclear Power Plant will be removed from Taiwan by 2020

By Huang Tzu-ti, 2018/09/20
[click to view]

[3]Asia Times. Taiwan debates what to do with redundant nuclear fuel rods. US contractor insists that 1,744 fuel rods should be returned but some in Taiwan want to keep them for 'research purposes'

By ASIA TIMES STAFF JULY 6, 2018
[click to view]

Media Links

[4] World Nuclear News. GE seeks arbitration over Lungmen payments

14 December 2015.
[click to view]

[5] WISE. Taiwan halts fourth power plant. Nuclear Monitor Issue: #786. 6/05/2014
[click to view]

[6] A description of future energy plans for Taiwan. Bloomberg, 7 August 2018. Nuclear Ghost Town Reveals Power Risk for Taiwan's Energy Shift. By Dan Murtaugh, Miaojung Lin, , and Samson Ellis
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJL& JMA
Last update18/10/2018
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