Fularji is a district of Qiqihar City, Heilongjiang Province. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the three north-eastern provinces of China (Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang) has become the key base for heavy industry development, and the Fularji region has become one of the first generation industrial development zones in China. 
More and more areas have been polluted by the large number of chemical plants in Fularji District in the past decades. Most chemical plants were forced to shut down. But people have been plagued by pollution. 
On July 23, 2016, Li Yugang, deputy secretary and mayor of Qiqihar Municipal CPC Committee, met with Chen Jinghe, Chairman of Zijin Mining Group Co., Ltd. (hereafter”Zijin”) to promote the investment of the copper smelting project in Fularji District. Chen first introduced the development process of Zijin Mining Group and the distribution of the mining industry in Heilongjiang Province. He said that the reason of choosing Qiqihar City as a location for a copper smelting project was because the local industrial foundation could meet the requirements for the project, and the local government could give strong support to the project.  On August 20, Heilongjiang Dobaoshan Copper Co., Ltd. officially signed the third phase for the copper smelting project in Fularji District. The construction of the project started in 2017 and it was expected to operate in about two years. 
Zijin was one of the most notorious Chinese Companies listed in Shanghai and Hong Kong stock markets. In July 2010, a serious toxic waste leak was reported by many media accounts, at the same time, it’s also exposed to the general public that how the company was intertwined with and protected by the local government in its headquarter base.  In the years of development, a series of environmental violations and pollution incidents by Zijin were exposed in China as well as its international branches. 
Protests from Fularji residents were sparked by an online video of government officials signing a formal contract with Zijin Mining Co. . The video was exposed through an informal channel . Residents were worried that the project will be built at the site of a bankrupt chemical plant in Fularji and its sewage would be discharged directly into the Nenjiang River, causing serious pollution to the drinking water sources and even affecting the health of the next generation. Besides the fact that state media had criticized Zijin's environmental record, the town had already suffers enough from pollution. "Even if there are no accidents, of course building a mining-related project in Fulaerji is going to have a negative impact on the people who live here." They also questioned the procedure since local people actually didn’t know about the planned project as the company and the government didn’t announce it openly. Despite the public opposition, the government just keep telling the benefits of the project.  
On September 14, 2016, the Fularji Project Management Office issued a letter to the people of the Fularji District, stressing that the project was a decision based on careful considerations. For example, of the 1.8 billion yuan of construction investment, 326 million yuan will be used as environmental protection investment, and the project also conforms to the highest requirements for energy, safety, environmental protection and other laws and regulations issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection (as Ministry of Ecology and Environment since March 2018). 
Since the morning of September 19, 4, 000-5,000 people gathered in front of the Fularji District Government, holding banners with "Zijin Mining get out of the Fularji District!" In the afternoon of 19th, the Fularji District Government mobilized thousands of police officers from neighboring counties to the scene and began to disperse the crowd. Some people protested for a full day. On Tuesday, September 20, 2016, nearly 2,000 people continued to gather in front of the district government, despite strong pressure and high tension. Police first blocked some streets, then took more than a dozen of leading citizens into custody, leaving many elderly people isolated in a big mall near the district government. 
The protest lasted two days and subsided on September 21, 2016, but this project remained under construction. In the Government Work Report of Qiqihar in 2017, there is still a plan to commence the construction of the Zijin Copper Industry Park to resume economic growth.